People and Events

People and Events.

Year State Location Description Source Persons Named as Rioters Persons Named as Targets Note
1818 New York NYC July: Black servant, William Simmons, constantly harrassed by a number of boys. Works for John H. Mathieu. On the night of the 24th some boys rang Mathieu's house door. Simmons opened it and was pelted with stones. Nine persons were tried and convicted of riot. NYC General Sessions, August 13, 1818 William Simmons
1818 New York NYC July: Highbinders attacked two women in the street. It is said they had carnal knowledge of them. This between two and four o'clock in the morning. They also robbed the women (probably prostitutes). Also deposition saying Highbinders often attack men who they think have money, beat them and rob them. Some leaders of Highbinders tried. No result. NYC General Sessions, August 13, 1818
1818 Georgia Savannah, Ga August: Crew of mutineed Argentine frigate cause a disturbance by holding town at ransom. They surrendered and were taken by the authorities. N.Y.National Advertiser, August 29, 1818
1818 New York NYC August: Argument between two labourers and Salem Wines, shopkeeper, over apprentice boy attracted a mob and threatened riot. The labourers wanted the boy or his head. They claimed they had authority from the polic but an alderman persuaded them to leave. One was definitely acquitted. NYC General Sessions, September 18, 1818 Salem Wines
1818 New York NYC August: About 12 or 1 o'clock in the morning William McGlove and Patrick Healy raised a mob and attempted to enter Paul Healy's property. They were beaten back by (??) and others. SC PC - cases 7435 3 William McGlove; Patrick Healy Paul Healy
1818 New York NYC August: Several persons were harassed by a group of men on Delancy street. One, Terrence Tiffany, had his cart damaged and his house molested. No reasons given. NYC General Session, September 18, 1818 Terrence Tiffany
1818 New York NYC September: George Lynch led a mob in obstructing the dog catcher from doing his duty. SC PC 7435 12 Charles Williams
1818 New York NYC September: Dog Catcher obstructed by Charles Williams, probably a sailor, who led a gang of boys in harassing the dog catchers. NYC General Sessions, September 16, 1818 Charles Williams
1818 New York NYC September: About 11:30pm there was a great noise and disturbance in Pine street. When watchman Jowen Evans attmpted to break it up he was resisted. SC PC cases - 7435 12 Jowen Evans
1818 New York NYC November: Two wood sawyers interrupted in their work on Murray street by three black men. Uproar ensued as stones and brick bats were thrown. Vague on how many were involved. Maybe not many. Result guilty. NYC General Sessions, December 10, 1818
1818 New York NYC December: Barnabas Osburn obstructed watchmen and firemen from their duty. He was aided by the presence of a great crowd. SC PC - cases 7434 13 Barnabas Osburn
1819 New York NYC January: A number of black women (many prostitutes) and men collected on the corner of Broadway and Duane street, and acted very disorderly using indecent language. This happens frequently - 4 persons were taken away by the watch. Some convicted. NYC General Sessions, July 12, 1819
1819 New York NYC January: The African church in the 6th ward was disturbed by two men and unspecified others. The two men refused to leave until the watchmen came and took them away. They were after someone or some people in the chuch. Both convicted. NYC General Sessions, January 8, 1819
1819 New York NYC January: When the watch attempted to quell a disturbance on Walnut street, they were resisted. The stones were thrown at them. Two were taken as rioters and tried. No result. NYC General Sessions, February 5, 1819
1819 New York Poughkeepsie January: Clintonian and Anti-Clintonian factions clash and disrupt each others' meeting. The Anti-Clintonians had their afternoon meeting intruded upon by the Clintonians and the Clintonian meeting the same evening was upset by retaliating Anti-Clintonians. Blows were exchanged but no one was seriously injured. NYEP, February 5, 1819
1819 South Carolina Charleston February: "Lynch Law" action. A number of desperadoes stayed outside the city harassing travelers, robbing them, etc. A vigilante group formed on the 18th, went out to the five mile house that afternoon. Resistance was made at one house, but it was burnt down and the criminals dispersed. At the next house the criminals gave it up readily and a new tenant installed. No sooner had the vigilantes left then the thieves returned, evicted the new tenant, beating him brutally and robbed a passing traveller. Saturday the Sheriff organized a posse, burnt the house, and arrested its five occupants. NYEP, March 2, 1819
1819 New York NYC March: A number of men, led by two boatmen, boarded the Brig Morning Star, lying at Whitehall and claimed that they could fight the whole crew. A tussle ensued and the invaders were beat back. On shore and in their retreat they threw stones, hitting the master of the vessel. Case settled out of court. NYC General Sessions, March 8, 1819
1819 New York NYC March: When the captain of the Spanish ship Miniverum attempted to sail earlier than originally planed, most of the crew objected and a riot ensued. SC PC cases 7435 4
1819 Maryland Baltimore March: About 2 o'clock, just as the merchants returned to dinner, a number of Irishmen rioted. They were enflamed by the "Stuffed Paddy" hung on the schooner Appomatax's top sail yard arm. They entered the ship, which had been seized by the custom officers, cut away the rigging and did other damage. The ship lay at the foot of Gray street at Smith's dock. Several gentlemen, who attempted to stop the proceedings, received some blows. This included one of the Judges of the city court. Eight or ten men were arrested for riot. The stuff paddy was hung by some boys as a prank. NYEP, March 20, 1819
1819 New York NYC April: Journeymen tailors walked off the job because the masters wanted them to work next to women. Rock.Artisans, p.281
1819 Louisiana New Orleans April: In the fauxborg St. Mary an officer attempted to arrest a deserter in the company of some boatmen. The man resisted and the officers shot him to death. A crowd was attracted and the officer was forced to seek refuge in a neighboring house. It took the military to rescue him. Taken before the mayor, who refused bail, the officer was sent off to prison. NYEP, May 29, 1819
1819 New York NYC April: John Barr was attacked and beaten by a number of African Americans in the street and had to be rescued by the peace officers. SC PC - cases 7435 5 John Barr
1819 New York NYC May: All journeymen masons walked off their jobs when the builders attempted to lower their salaries by 1 shilling per day. They even walked out on some were paying old high wages. Rock.Aritisans, p.276
1819 New York NYC May: The trustees of the Baptist Church in Mulberry street complain of the riotous conduct of people who harass their services on Sundays. MCC10: 368
1819 South Carolina Charleston June: When a man named Keeler was discovered with goods stolen at a recent fire a number of the local freeholders held a trial, and found Keeler guilty. They gave him the choice of corporal punishment or placing himself under the vagaries of the law. He chose corporal punishment, received 50 lashes, and was forced into returning the stolen goods. NYWeekly Visitor, July 24, 1819 Keeler
1819 New York NYC June: A mob of African Americans collected on Barclay street to prevent Theodore Hald from returning a run away slave to Montgomerey Co., NY. A city marshall accompanied Hald and his charge. When confronted by the mob, about 40 persons strong, they only managed with difficulty to extricate themselves and their charge from the mob and return to the police office. they had been going to the North river. A scuffle occurred and one of the rioters identified. He was tried and acquitted. NYC General Sessions, July 16, 1819 Theodore Hald
1819 New York NYC June: A complaint of "sundry inhabitants" of "inderent and disorderly conduct of certain black persons who assemble in (??) and Henry streets on Sundays and disturb persons attending Divine worship in the church in Bouker street." asn asking for a peace officer to be stationed there. MCC10:452
1819 New York NYC June: When Michael Sherlock and Francis Dowmere were refused the return of their dogs they attacked the dog catcher and collected a great mob. SC PC - cases 7435 6
1819 New York NYC July: A number of African Americans were attacked, beaten and had their tands destroyed by a larger number of youths. This occurred at the marker in Broadway at the Park Gate. NYC General Sessions, July 15, 1819
1819 Pennsylvania Philadelphia July: Riot in the evening. Constable arrested a black man on a warrant. In the street, the black man attacked the constable with a stick and continued to hit him when he was down. Other black people joined in. Some whites came to the constable's aid. At first the black people had the upper hand, but eventually the whites got the advantage. Several of the black people were described as "French persons" who would not speak a word of English. The riot ended when the prisoner was dragged off in a cart. NYNational Advertiser, July 23, 1819
1819 Maryland Elkin, Md August: A crowd of 200 assembled in the town of Elkin on Saturday last (date unsure) and demanded some (??) from the Bank. This being refused the people began to tear down its building. The directors reopened negotiation which promised to resume specie payment Tuesday next, Sept. 1. The people then dispersed. They had acted thus because that the Bank's note were so discredited that nothing could be purchased with them. NYEP, August 29, 1819
1819 Pennsylvania Philadelphia September: Balloon riots. On the 2nd an attempted balloon ascent failed. 130,000 people were watching. An angry crowd slashed the balloon with their pocket knives. An attempt by someone else on the 8th also led to a riot. Staged at Vauxhall Garden which charged $1 admission, yet witnessed by 35 or 40,000 on common land the ascent was several times delayed. When a boy was injured by a watchman - the boy was sneaking in - rumor spread the boy was killed. A number of people seized the sticks and stones, ripped the balloon to pieces, tore down the fence and ransacked Vauxhill garden and its facilities. Scharf and Wescott,History of PhiladelphiaI, p.598, 958, 959
1819 Pennsylvania Philadelphia September: A balloonist's delayed attempt at an ascent, coupled with the failure of other balloonists earlier failures (one of which provoked limited mob violence) and an attack by an attendant on a boy sneaking over a fence, triggered a large riot at Vauxhall which saw a great deal of property damage and tumultuous behaviour. Scharf and Wescott.History of PhiladelphiaI, p.598
1819 Kentucky Lexington, Ky November: Vigilante action was taken against several men and women, who allowed suspicious characters to stay at their house. Some even tarred and feathered and at least one house was torn down. This left many "lewd women" and vagrants in despair. NYEP, December 14, 1819
1819 New York NYC December: A mob of about 20 broke into the White lead works owned by George W. Murray. They destroyed a gate and threatened to carry off some property. The locks were also damaged and severed persons beaten or threatened. No cause given NYC General Sessions, January 14, 1820 George W. Murray
1819 Massachusetts Boston December: A runaway slave was committed to jail. Rumor spread among the town's black population that he was to be returned to his master. At 10:30pm almost 60 black people gathered and armed with clubs, knives, and hatchets made an attempt to free him. Watchmen with the aid of some citizens interceded and dispersed the mob. The black people, who fled in all were arrested. In the process one watchman was wounded. A large trial ensued, only 12 black people were indicted, the rest were released. A verdict of not guilty was delivered for the riot charges, three were acquitted outright, while the rest were found guilty of the less severe unlawful assembly. NYEP, January 3 and 18, 1820
1820 Conneticut Hartford, CT February: James Lanman burnt in effigy for support of Missouri bill. Occurred in front of large crowd and in state house yard. On the effigy was a placard, "LANMAN AND SLAVERY." Spectator, February 25, 1820; McMaster IV, p.592 James Lanman
1820 New York NYC February: Ten men with 20 or more others rioted in the 6th ward, beating Robert Cochrane and Henry Cochrane and others. They also broke into Robert Cochrane's house at 48th and Pearl street. Several were convicted. NYC General Sessions, April 6, 1820
1820 Conneticut Litchfield, CT March: Representative James Stevens burnt in effigy for voting for the Missouri bill. Paxton Hibben.Henry Word Beecher: An American Portrait, p.33-34 James Stevens
1820 Pennsylvania Carlisle, PA March: David Fullerton, Congressman, burnt in effigy for support of Missouri bill. McMaster IV, p.592 David Fullerton
1820 New York NYC April: About noon Charles French, with a number of others, prevented the trustees of St. Peter's chuch from selling pews on the steps of the church. The crowd gathered is estimated at 200 persons. SC PC - cases 7436 3
1820 New York NYC May: In 1834 The Com. Adv. Charged that Tammany's "hired bravadoes" drove DeWitt Clinton's committees from some of the wards in 1820, and that by their violence, actually compelled them to rush into the houses of strangers for protection Weinbaum,Mobs…, p.12
1820 Pennsylvania Hampfield, Lancaster Co., PA May: An attempt to issue a warrant against Peter Heistead by several men with a constable ended when Heistead's refusal to leave his premises. So frustrated the current issues that they ended up breaking into the house and beating on the old man. He died a few days later in jail. NYEP, June 7, 1820 Peter Heistead
1820 New York NYC June: In reprisal for beating his apprentice Reuben Silvester's house was stoned by a gang of boys. They were encouraged in this act by two women. SC PC - cases 7436 9 Reuben Silvester
1820 New York NYC July: John McKay started a brawl with two men who insulted him. "He acted like a madman," he had been drinking, "knocked several persons down and being of a stout athletic frame few were willing to seize him." A mob collected; and he was hemmed round on all sides, by a ring of people in the midst of whome he was walking around with uplifted hands, using threatening gestures and complaining of his wrongs. Charles Christen, police magistrate, came along and with the help of part of the crowd arrest McKay. But others acted to rescue McKay from Christian and an affray took place. As a result John McKay, Philip (??), and Patrick McManus were charged with riot and rescue. The defense aroused the disturbance and ended by the time Christian had arrived and the newly acquitted men. NYCity Hall Recorder, Vol V, No. 7 Charles Christen
1820 New York NYC September: Five men plus at least 20 others rioted in the 6th ward for two hours, attacking Joseph Eiker. Not much more info. NYC General Sessions, November 10, 1820 Joseph Eiker
1820 Alabama Russelville, Franklin Co., Alabama September: Court riot followed by an attempt to intimidate Judge Seffold for having insisted on stiffer penalties than the jury orginially intended. Although the judge refused to change his mind, despite the night vigil at his lodgings door, the following morning the incarcerated rioters had been released. Attempts to recapture them were futile. NYEvening Post, September 11, 1820 Seffold
1820 New York NYC December: A number of men busted into Daniel Davy's room at 99 Rivington street, and abused, kicked and insulted his wife Susan. NYC General Sessions, January 9, 1821 Daniel Davy; Susan Davy
1821 New York NYC January: About 3:00am, a number of men busted into William Miller's house and shop, destroying glass and harming him and his wife. NYC General Sessions, February 13, 1821 William Miller
1821 New York NYC September: A number of men out on a Saturday night frolic broke open Mary Brown's door at 22 Collect street and harassed her. Found guilty. NYC General Sessions, September 7, 1821 Mary Brown
1821 Massachusetts Boston May: Edmund Kean's comments attacking Boston audiences for not attending the theater in hotter weather brought forth rancor and probably a disturbance. Meady.The Astor Place Riot, p.24 Edmund Kean
1821 New York NYC May: Robert Holiday had his property defiled by a crowd gathered to watch a fireworks display in the garden of his neighbor, Asa Taylor. Stones and other objects were thrown. SC PC - cases 7436 5 Robert Holiday
1821 New York NYC May: Approximately 20 persons knocked down and broke the rails and posts of Nicholas William Stayvesant's property and stables. SC PC - cases 7436 6 Nicholas William Stayvesant
1821 New York NYC June: Two hack drivers said to be arguing caused some sort of riot. It is unclear if anyone else was involved. Court Minutes, 1821-22 in Stephen Allen MS
1821 New York NYC July: Commissioners of Alms House report "that they endeavored to carry into effect the loan of this corporation relating to (??), but that persons employed by them had been resisted and opposed in the execution of their duty by a collection of persons who exercised great violence towards them." MCC 11:722
1821 New York NYC July: A fight between a group of boys erupted. Some fled and were chased by a mob of others. Stones were thrown. Fight began at Butfery, those being attacked retreated to a house in Broad street. SC PC - cases 7436 7
1821 New York NYC July: In reponse to clergy profanation of Sabbath movement a great number of people assembled at an appointed place and voted resolves against the clergy intereference with local concerns of the city, or the police of the city. They felt it was improper of these clergy to do so and considered it "an attempt to encroach upon the liberties of the citizen." Stokes.IconographyV, p.1677
1821 New York NYC August: Key law enforced - a number of hogs collected notwithstanding all the opposition of broom sticks and hot water, and indeed the African American women were very ferocious. Four persons were arrested on the 3rd, two committed. NYEP, August 4, 1821
1821 New York NYC January: Phoebe Smith of Lombardy street complains "that last evening a number of persons entered her house in a riotous and disorderly manner there, blew out the candles, threw the furniture about the house, and some of the beat (??) SC PC - cases 7436 4
1821 New York NYC December: Butcher's act against city corporation to charge flat fees for butcher stals. Agreed not to bid for stalls at auction. When one person died bid, supposedly an agent of the city who was supposed to get prices up, he was taken and dumped into the river. Teaford.Municipal Rev, p.99
1822 South Carolina Columbia College, SC February: Riot when junior class refused to attend prayers and recitations. Bruce.Violence and Culture, p.62-63
1822 New York Kortright, Delware Co., NY March: (??) harassment of bridal couple gets out of hand. Besides making a great deal of discordent noise, the skimeton people, numbering about 30 or 40, threw stones, tore up a $6 hat and one fought with someone from the wedding party. Winner. "Skimeton,"NY Folklore Q, p.134-135
1822 New York NYC April: Charles Gilman and William Hopkins convicted for assault and battery, disturbing the circus. N.Y.National Advertiser, April 15, 1822
1822 Pennsylvania Philadelphia April: A dispute over the control of St. Mary's pastor between the Bishop and some of the congregation erupted into a large riot on April 8. The Catholic church divided over the dismissal of a liberal priest who wanted to have Sunday school and teach the youth from the bible. An election for the trustees was the immediate course of the confrontation which saw the Bishops men hold the church against the Hoganites (Hogan was the erring minister) until the civil authority was forced to intercede. Graphic Acct. of Riots at St. Mary's Church
1822 New York NYC April: A number of men were out late knocking on the door of a house of ill fame on Collect street. When a watchman arrived they attacked him. Really just disorderly conduct. NYC General Sessions, May 10, 1822
1822 Pennsylvania Philadelphia April: Services at St. Mary's interrupted by some of those involved in the late disturbances. The authorities interfered to restore order. NYNational Advertiser, April 16, 1822
1822 New York NYC May: A mob collected on Sunday afternoon in Boucher street and threw stones at Joseph Reed, Anthony Thorald and Patrick Smith. SC PC - cases 7437 5 Joseph Reed; Anthony Thorald; Patrick Smith
1822 New York NYC May: Marshalls John Philips and John Nixon were attacked by a collection of people who attempted to rescue a person they had taken into custody for debt. SC PC - cases 7437 4 John Philips; John Nixon
1822 New York NYC July: A number of men pursued a woman into John Carney store, corner collect and Leonard streets, and refused to leave off her. They turned their (??) upon Carnes' property. SC PC - cases 7437 1 John Carney
1822 Pennsylvania Philadelphia August: Attempt of black people loyal to an Allenite bishop to take over a splinter group's church on Lombard street between 5t and 6th streets. The Allenites were successful. But several arrests were made and men were bound over to the Mayor's court. NYAmerican, August 11, 1822
1822 New York NYC August: Robert R. Brown with 40 or so other disrupted a Baptist church off Christine and Delancy. NYC General Sessions, November 12, 1822 Robert R. Brown
1822 New York NYC August: Riot at the Circus on Elm street. In the evening a mob in front of the circus resisted and beat upon Jacob Hays, high constable and George Raymond, Marshall. Both were severely hurt. The watch never came to help them. NYNational Advertiser, August 14, 1822 Jacob Hays; George Raymond
1822 New York NYC September: About 100 sailors marched "with drums, fifes, and colors, stopping at public places, and going to the city hall and huzzahing." Reason: A ship to be brought by the Columbian government had hired a smaller than anticipated interim crew at short wages. Eventually the civil authority was sent for; some of the ringleaders were taken. The rest dispersed peacably. NY.Statesman and Advertiser for the Country, September 16, 1822
1822 New York NYC September: Robert R. Brown disrupted the religious congregation at the church, corner of Delancy and (??) streets. When they attempted to apprehend Brown they were prevented as he was rescued by a crowd. SC PC - cases 7437 4 Robert R. Brown
1822 New York NYC November: People vs Trequier. Acted to resist an attempt of the employers assoc. to reduce wages. Commons and Gilmore.Criminal CasesI, p.142-151
1822 New York Lockport, NY December: Canal workers and locals riot when John T. Lowe refused to serve some workmen who were in a state of "brutal intoxication." These men, joined by some friends, stoned the house, breaking the windows and hurting some of those inside. Other ravages were committed. Thirteen of the rioters escaped to Canada, 12 were arrested. Two persons injured were John Jennings, mason, and Francis Postal, a carpenter. NYEP, January 8, 1823 John T. Lowe
1822 Virginia Richmond, Va December: The office of the Hornet was attacked and destroyed by 15 to 20 men, with blackened faces and masks. They manhandled one of the workers, destroyed the printing machinery, including 100 lb of tape, and half printed papers. This occurred at night, and although the police were the they did nothing. It is suggested that some gentlemen and leading citizens were involved. NYEP, January 11, 1823
1823 New York NYC January: Rebecca Lang and her husband were attacked and riotd against about 12 or 1 o'clock in the morning. There were black people involved in the riot. Charge: A+B SC PC - cases 7437 3 Rebecca Lang
1823 New York Lockport, NY January: A riot between canal diggers and locals began as a disagreement between a liquor retailer and the canal diggers. 20 people were hurt and 8 canal diggers arrested. NYNational Advertiser, January 9, 1823
1823 New York NYC January: While attempting to take a young drunk disturber of their church the Baptists of the Brown St. church were set upon by a number of people attempting to rescue the culprit. SC PC - cases 7437 4
1823 Conneticut New Haven March: 200 to 300 students at Yale were in a riot with the townspeople. Several persons were injured and some of the students involved soon left town. NYEP, March 12, 1823
1823 Massachusetts Harvard College April: Disturbance led to 50 students leaving school. NYGazette, May 10 and 23, 1823
1823 New York NYC April: Several persons rioted at and broke glass windows of Thomas McCready's store and house. NYC General Sessions, May 8, 1823 Thomas McCready
1823 New York NYC April: John Smith and John Dusenberry, both chairmakers, led 20 men in pulling some buildings down which the Mutual Insurance Co. had foreclosed on Smith. NYC General Sessions, May 15, 1823
1823 Pennsylvania Hamburg, PA May: A local militia mustering was marred by a riot between the militia and the canal workers. Kep on the job during the muster, the disturbance broke out as 30 to 40 canal men, armed with clubs, marched into town. The militia men, who were in the local tavern, fought the canal men. Several were hurt on both sides and the canal men were driven off. NYEP, May 31, 1823
1823 Massachusetts Boston June: A yankee and Irishman quarrelled while working in paving a court. A fight ensued and a large crowd gathered. The crowd went to the Irishman's house, demolished the windows with stones and brick bats. One watchman, who tried to interfere, was slightly stabbed. It took several constables to restore order. One man was arrested. NYEP, June 24, 1823
1823 New York NYC October: The People's Party tried to take over Tammary Hall as both parties made a rush for the control of the secretary's chair. Weinbaum.Mobs…, p.43-44
1823 South Carolina Charleston October: A vigilante group chased and killed a "negro banditti" who had long infested the neighborhood of Nelson's Ferry, and had murdered a Mr. Ford. They were escaped slaves. Williams.Rogues in Villainy, p.65
1823 New York NYC November: Riot at the circus in Canal street caused when marshalls attempted to control disorderly persons. NYC General Sessions, December 11, 1823
1823 New York NYC December: A "vampyre" was on display on the corner of Oliver and Chatham streets. A curious boy attempted to look at the object by peering through an aperture. One of the men connected with the exhibition jammed a pen knife or other sharp object into the opening, perforating the boy's eye which he was then likely to lose. As a consequence of this a number of persons collected and immediately took vengeance on the vampyre and his keeprs by quickly demolishing the building in which he was kept "and inflicting on him as much injury as they were capable of." The men who stabbed the boy was taken into custody. NYGazette, December 3, 1823
1824 South Carolina Charleston Burning of a "young slave" for alleged murder Christopher Waldrep, The Many Faces of Judge Lynch: Extralegal Violence and Punishment in America (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002) as listed in Pfeifer, The Roots of Rough Justice. PTH
1824 New York NYC March: A number of persons were discharged from the West Poit Foundery Assoc. for violating the regulations of the Assoc. Several collected around the factory crying "free trade and sailor's rights," rung a bell, and made noise. One forced his way through the doorway into the factory yard to disrupt the workmen. NYC SC PC - cases 7438 1
1824 New York NYC April: Journeymen House Painters struck for an increase of wages. Commons.History of Labour, p.157
1824 New York NYC April: Between 8000 and 10,000 people gathered, on previous notice, to protest the removal of DeWitt Clinton as a canal commissioner. Thanks were voted to him for his public service. Similar action taken in Albany. Stokes.Iconography, p.1638
1824 Maryland Elkton, Md May: Probably several riot among workers on the Chesepeake and Delaware Canal. NYEP, June 24, 1824
1824 New York NYC May: Journeymen carpenters turnout for higher wages. Parade through Bwy and other principle streets - no violence. NYEvening Post, May 18 and 24, 1824
1824 Rhode Island Pawtucket, RI May: Textile workers, both male and female, turn out against reduced wages. They visited the houses of manufacturers, were tumultuous, shouting and uttering insulting language and broke a window in one of the mills. NYEP, June 3, 1824
1824 New York NYC July: A procession of Orangemen marched out of the city towards Greenwich village, then settled mostly by Irish Catholics. They had banners waving and a band playing "croppies lie down" and other equally provocative ditties. In the ensuing fight no one was killed but "the orangemen received a sound thrashing and were driven into the city where upon the sheriff arrested every man he could find in Greenwich village. Over a hundred Irishmen were arraigned and charged with riot and disturbing the peace and were almost certain of conviction. In the September term of the court of sessions, the Judge was about to pass sentence when Thomas Addis Emett walked into the court room for another case and defended the Irishmen speaking loudly of the intolerance in the city. Murphy and Mannion.The Hist. of the Soc. Of The Friendly Sons of St. Pat., p.257
1824 New York Lockport, NY July: On the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne, Irish canal workers broke out into fighting among themselves usuing shereliahs and brickbats. NYNational Advertiser, July 23, 1824
1824 New York NYC August: Journeymen Masons stand out for $1.50 a day wage. Evening Post, August 24, 1824
1824 New York NYC August: Watchman Peter Yarick complained that between 1 and 2am in Walnut street, 7th ward, he had arrested one man for knocking another down. A mob formed and told him that if he was to take one man, he had to take them all. They picked up stones to throw at him. He had been attacked by a similar mob a few nights before. Deposition by Peter Yarick taken by Henry Abell, in Police File, Museum of the City of NY, Library Peter Yarick
1824 Pennsylvania Philadelphia September: About 150 black people attacked white officials as they arrested a runaway slave. Richards, p.33
1824 New York Harpersfield, Del September: A prank by young men and boys of "waking up officers" ended in some sort of effigy in which one Philo Kapp aged 18 or 19, was shot in the leg and since died of malpractice. NYEP, October 1, 1824 Philo Kapp
1824 Rhode Island Providence October: Riot to drive black people out of community. Group of whites attacked black residents, demolishing building. This occurred before the bigger Hardscrabble riot. Warner, p.273,228-229
1824 Rhode Island Providence October: Hardscarbble Riot - angered by the refusal of black people to get off the sidewalks on the approach of whites, a white mob attacked the Hardscrabble neighborhood that included houses of ill repute - prostitution and taverns - as well as working class African Americans. Approximately 20 houses destroyed. Some black people resisted at least one white person shot. In subsequent trial of whites, defendants aruged they were doing the community a service. Cottrol, p.50-55
1824 Pennsylvania Pittsburgh September: Circus riot. During the service the audience began a riot. They started to pull the building down and threatened to kill the horses. Refusing to listen to the entreaties of the performers. Finally, Edward Murray, among others, defended the circus by firing into the mob. Reuben Hantzel was killed. A trial ensued in which Murray was acquitted. N.Y. American, November 19, 1824 Reuben Hantzel Edward Murray
1824 New York NYC November: A number of men were very disorderly at Phoebe Dotty's place. They threatened to burn it down, threw furniture, and glasses, etc. SC PC - cases 7438 7 Phoebe Dotty
1824 New York NYC November: Harriot Lyons, presumably a woman of the evening had her door busted open, her house upset, with a lot of broken glass, on the evening of the 11th. NYC General Sessions, December 15, 1824 Harriot Lyons
1824 New York NYC November: In the evening a group of men occupied Betsey Doeherty's house, abused her, and disrupted the house. SC PC 7438 8
1824 New York NYC November: About 11:00am, a number of men came to Levi Dame's house, burst in, made riot and disrupted it, throwing tumblers against the wall. SC PC 7428 8 Levi Dame
1825 New York NYC January: "New Years Frolics - Sundry Tom and Jerries have been arraigned for milling matches, but on account of the New Years Frolics, they were discharged." National Advertiser, January 4, 1825
1825 Arkansas Arkansas February: Trouble at the (??), at the Mouth of the (??), between the military and the local citizenry. An officer owed a debt to a citizen. For payment the citizen had the officer's horse seized. In turn the officer had his men rescue the horse. The citizens formed a posse, recaptured the house and imprisoned the soldiers. But reinforcements were soon sent and when the civil authority refused to release the prisoners the new troops charged and freed their companions at arms. Thereafter the case was sent to the acting governor for adjudication. NYEP, March 21, 1825
1825 Pennsylvania Pittsburgh February: Effigy of Henry Clay burnt at night. At least two men were tried for participating in this. NYEP, February 28, 1825 Henry Clay
1825 New York NYC March: Sunday afternoon on Hudson street between Hammond and Perry streets fighting, quarelling, and collecting of a great mob making noise takes place. About 200 persons were there. Wm. Henyon was arrested and charged with riot and A+B, convicted. NYC General Sessions, April 11, 1825 William Henyon
1825 New York NYC March: Dock workers and laborers walked out on strike. Numbering about 800 to 1000 they paraded through the streets forced many quiet persons to join them and committed some other excesses. A few ringleaders were arrested and the remainder dispersed. Stokes.Iconography…V, p.1646
1825 New York NYC March: Dock strikers intimidate workmen on ships lying at the foot of Dover street. NYC General Sessions, April 11, 1825
1825 New York NYC March: Riggers strike James Thompson and others enter a rigger's loft and demand those working there to stop. Jacob Hays came to the scene and arrested Thompson and John Phiam. John Webs. James Thompson; John Phiam
1825 New York NYC March: Edward (??) had his tavern disrupted by George Messerve et al., who came to disrupt a private party with Eliza Hale the hostess. SC PC 7438 7 George Messerve Eliza Hale; Edward
1825 New York NYC March: "Irish Shillelah frolic" took place in the morning near the marble buildings. Several hundred Irishmen were involved. Probably an Irish-Orange disturbance. It was "Paddy up stairs" vs "Paddy downstairs". It began over a disagreement about a raffle. There had been several clashes during the week. Constables Hays and Homan were there. Both were attacked and lucky to escape with their lives. About 10 ringleaders were arrested. NYAmerican, March 31, 1825 Hays; Homan
1825 New York NYC March: Twelve Irishmen charged with rioting. Some fighting occurred on the 30th, but the big battle was on the 31st. The Irishmen fought the watch and constables as well. NYC General Sessions, April 7, 1825
1825 New York NYC April: Irish and Yankee cartmen came to blows over the use of large cart (??). The Irish didn't like the yankee using them. Stones were thrown and blows exchanged. Might just be an A+B. NYAmerican, May 9, 1825
1825 New York NYC April: Tailors' strike. Asked "for what is equivalent to about $4 advance a week on previous wages." Commons.History of Labour, p.157
1825 New York NYC April: A mob collected to prevent the collection of hogs in a hog cart. The black hog cartmen was attacked as were the marshalls present to protect him. In the 8th ward. NYC General Sessions, April 9, 1825
1825 New York NYC May: Between Black Rock and (??) Creek: Irish canal workers rioted and one man is missing and likely he was killed. 12 rioters were arrested, examined before SG Austin of Buffalo committed to await trial. Common Advertiser, May 16, 1825
1825 New York NYC May: Riot in 1st ward and assault of Richard Trustell - few details. NYC General Sessions, August 10, 1825 Richard Trustell
1825 New York NYC June: Henry Lambert, merchant, was killed in a scuffle with a gang of young men, the "Spring-Streeters" between 1 and 2am. There was a big trial afterwards etc. NYEP, June 4, 1825 Henry Lambert
1825 Kentucky Harrodsburg, KY June: A shakertown nearby was harassesd by 30 or 40 men who wanted to take a woman out of the society. Both the woman and her mother had been shakers. Her mother, however, voluntarily left, and thought the daughter should leave too. It is unclear whether the daughter wanted to stay or go. NYEP, June 30, 1825
1825 Pennsylvania York, Penn June: About 20 or 25 black people were outraged by 2 black people reportedly sent from Maryland to intercept runaway slaves. They went to the house of the culprits, bombarded it with stones, etc., and drove the one who was there out. He escaped to a neighbor's, but the threat of pulling down that house brought the man's surrender. At first they pretended they were after the other man. But once they got him out of sight they whipped him very severely. Twenty three rioters were arraigned. NYEP, June 25, 1825
1825 Virginia Univ. of VA October: Disorder on opening - students wanted the administrations to give them an additional summer vacation. On Sept. 30, night, a bottle of urine was thrown through a professor's window. On Oct. 1, 14 students disguised in masks met on the lawn and were spotted by two professors. When the profs tried to detain them a brick was thrown while the other was attacked with a (??). One student cried in the scuffle "Down with the European professors." Jefferson was involved in the disciplinary action. Novak.Rights of Youth, p.126-128
1825 Massachusetts Boston July: Mob activity against baudy houses occurs sporadically for a week in North Morgan, Prince and Ann streets, reaching the height with the destruction of the beehive. Matteson refers to this as the Tin Pot Riot. Lane.Policing the City, p.24-25
1825 North Carolina Halifax, NC August: An affray occurred at the Courthouse during an election, Hamlin Turner, a young man from the country, was shot and died of his wounds. Henry Potter, of Halifax, was injured but recovered. NYEP, August 24, 1825 Hamlin Turner; Henry Potter
1825 Pennsylvania Philadelphia August: Orange-Irish riot on the wharfs between race and vine streets. 100 to 200 persons involved. The mayor and the police quelled the disturbance. Several ringleaders arrested. The cause was "European politics," while on board, emigrating to America, Orangemen celebrated July, the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne. The ribbonmen on board objected, but in the ensuing battle they were outnumbered and lost. But when they landed in Philly, their numbers were augmented. NYEP, August 3, 1825
1825 New York NYC September: At Harlem, P. Samler had his house surrounded "by a number of men collected together to tear down his house…and his house was stoned and the door broken open and part of the roof torn off by them and they entered and both him and his wife…were beaten and a declaration was made that no de-Irishman should live on the commons..." SC PC 7438 4 P. Samler
1825 New York NYC October: Three women fought in the street and collected a great crowd. Therefore indicted for riot. NYC General Sessions, November 18, 1825
1825 Michigan Detroit November: Local solders and a group of sailors were involved in a riot. Schroeder. "Urbanization…Detroit 1824-1847," p.262
1825 Maine Portland, Me November: Whore house riot - several vigilante closings. One resisted and riot resulted. A black man, who had already been convicted of keeping a house of ill fame, was the one whose house was attacked. Shots were exchanged on both sides. One of the rioters was kiled. Several injured. Stones were thrown. NYAmerican, November 14, 1825
1825 Maine Portland, Me November: Attempt to destroy Gray's house - a black barber, because he had been convicted of keeping a house of ill fame. An attack on Saturday night was not that serious. But the following Monday, the rioters' effort were more concerted. Gray fired upon the crowd, killing one, and the mob, although severely damaging the house and returning the fire, did not destroy the building. H+W p.447-450 Gray
1825 New York NYC November: A riot occurred at the Park Theater on the appearance of Edward Keane in Richard III. The shouting and hissing were so loud that the play could not be heard. Stokes.IconographyV, p.1652 Edmund Kean
1825 Massachusetts Boston December: A cry of murder was raised from a house in Broad street by Irish immigrants. When entering, one of two watchmen was struck with an ax. An Irishman was arrested. The Gazette says that there was a riot among the Irish on Broad street. NYAmerican, December 15, 1825
1825 Massachusetts Boston December: When Edmund Keane appeared on the stage after a 4 year absence in his native England the audience remembered his unkind comments of 1821 and pelted him with a "fusilade of missiles both hard and soft" and was driven off the stage by the "mobocratic rowdies." He soon apologized for his earlier comments in the paper. Moody. "Astar Place Riot," p.24 Edmund Kean
1825 New York NYC December: Riot against black actor. Weinbaum,M+D, p.37
1825 New York NYC December: In the evening there was a disturbance at the circus. When the officers interfered they were "beset and beat and ill treated" and the watch had to be sent for. SC PC 7438 3
1825 New York NYC December: A disturbance was set on foot by a number of masters of vessels, who had come there "to have a scrape" at the Park Theater. SC PC 7438 6
1826 New York NYC January: "A New Years' Spree." Several men arrested; James Carbasier, Geroge Chunderwood, Richard Sammis, and James Williamson. They threw several empty barrels and castes and broke two steps. They were fined. NYAmerican,January 11, 1826
1826 New York NYC January: A group of Irishmen and women broke into the Norton household twice - attacking the sisters Jane and Maria and their mother and fighting off the watch. NYC General Sessions, February 15, 1826 Jane Norton; Maria Norton
1826 New York NYC March: Riotat the Lafayette Ampitheater. When asked to be quiet by peace officers, disturbers abused them. NYC General Sessions, March 14, 1826
1826 Illinois Union, Illinois May: Citizens fastened an effigy of Mr. Cook, their representative to a whipping post, scourged it, hung it, shot it, and burnt it. NYEP, May 6, 1826 Cook
1826 New York NYC March: Irish cartman beat up on James Anderson because they suspected that he was not a Roman Catholic and because he worked too hard on a job with them. A+B case. NYC General Sessions, April 7, 1826 James Anderson
1826 District of Columbia Washington DC March: Rioters broke several lamps and windows belonging to the corporation, broke windows at the French Minister's and carried off his lamps. NYGazette, April 8, 1826
1826 New York NYC May: Henry Stiles bought a piece of property. He intended to convert the bar or ballroom into a grocery. On Monday last, about 9:00pm, "a riotous assemblage of about 500 persons" appeared. The house was attacked "with stones, planks, and clubs in a riotous and tumultuous manner and endeavoured to demolish the same and before the violence had ceased, they had broken open the doors, actually breaking the hinges and stairway..." Window sashes, gutters, weathers boards and the roof were also damaged. At least $800 worth in damage. SC PC 7439 1 Henry Stiles
1826 Massachusetts Boston July: Large scale riots among Irish. It began as an argument between some coopers' boys and some Irishmen over how the latter carelessly handled some barrels. The riots began on Tuesday afternoon and were not quelled until Friday. The disturbances ranged from the mill-pond to Broad street. Several ringleaders were arrested. Many could not raise bail and were committed until the August Municipal court. NYGazette, July 20, 1826
1826 New York NYC July: A number of apparent Irishmen rioted in Pearl street opposing Marshalls and resisting arrest. It started with some Irishmen attacking a peaceful passerby. NYGazette, July 7, 1826
1826 Massachusetts Boston July: A white mob invaded black neighborhood, "N***** Hill," on the northside of the Beacon Hill. Several houses destroyed. Curray.Free Black, p.100; Werner, p.273
1826 New York NYC July: Disturbance at the Circus. Police officers resisted. NYC General Sessions, August 10, 1826
1826 New York NYC February: Margaret Spoon had her house invaded by several men who horsewhipped her son and Susan Shaw who was sick. Ms. Spoon was struck with a fist. SC PC 7439 10 Margaret Spoon; Susan Shaw
1826 Massachusetts New Bedford August: Citizens destroy the Ark - an old whale ship converted into a brothel. Ellis.History of New Bedford
1826 New York NYC August: The fireworks display on the Washington Parade Ground was disrupted by "a great mob" who tore down and demolished the large frame erected for the purpose of setting off the fireworks. The watch attempted to prevent this but were overpowered. 16 persons arrested. SC PC 7439 2
1826 New York NYC August: On the preceding Saturday a group of boys vandalized Stuuyesant property near 2nd avenue. SC PC 7439 3 Stuuyesant
1826 New York NYC August: John McGlane threw a stone at a boy, missed and hit a child instead. This occurred on Little Water street. McGlane and two companions ran but were pursued. In Pearl street the Gasmen at work sided with McGlane and a general melee ensued. SC PC 7439 11
1826 New York NY September: Editor Miller of NY Advocate was carried out of town by a group of men who supposedly had a warrant. But when taken before a justice no warrant was shown. Charles Morgenius also seized. NYEP, September 22, 1826 Charles Morgenius; Miller
1826 New York Brooklyn September: Hog car obstructed by several persons. One person fined as a result, another imprisoned and several under bonds to appear at next sitting of court. NYEP, September 28, 1826
1826 New York NYC September: Patrick Waters and others were rioting and fighting at Division and Suffolk streets. NYC General Sessions, October 4, 1826
1826 New York NYC September: Officers of the Coporation were attacked by a mob when they tried to enforce long neglected hog law. The mob released all of the hogs which had been collected. The Statesman, September 12, 1826
1826 New York NYC September: A disturbance occurred at 11 o'clock aat the east river garden. A constable was beaten when he tried to quell the disturbance. NYC General Sessions, October 13, 1826
1826 Ohio Canal near Cincinatti September: Canal laborers rioted. Authorities who arrested some of the ringleaders were attacked in a second wave of rioting. Although injured, but still managed to bring in 18 rioters. Statesman, September 26, 1826
1826 New York NYC September: Long standing feud over hogs breaking into John Erving's garden erupted into violence. During the day only Erving's threat to use a gun held back the hatter who normally defended Peter Fenton's hogs. In the evening they stoned Erving's house and beat off the watch. NYC General Sessions, October 10, 1826 John Erving
1826 New York NYC September: Martha Collery, a black woman, was "swaggering about the park with a stick in her hand crying out: where are the Virgininans and endeavouring to raise a crowd and disturbance…a number of blacks were in the park and several have been taken this day for raising and mobbing a person." SC PC 7439 5 Martha Collery
1826 New York NYC September: Several "negro rioters" collected around the city hall and attacked persons who were witnesses or engaged in claiming black fugitives from Virginia. Stones were thrown, sticks used, and whites chased in the streets. NYC General Sessions, October 9, 1826
1826 New York NYC October: In the evening a number of young men were making a riot and great noise in a house in Fulton street. Glasses were broken, a keg turned over and chairs broken. A crowd of 200 collected at the door. The watch was called. SC PC 7439 14
1826 New York NYC November: Benjamin True was in a hack driven by Jacob Whitson on Bloomingdale road when a gang led by George Vandenburgh attacked. The beat both True and Whitson. True ran for cover at a neighboring public house, itself somewhat torn to pieces by the gang. SC PC 7439 6
1826 New York NYC July: Peace officer Hughes attempted to remove a disorderly woman from the La Fayette circus, almost erupted into a full-scale riot and it was only the timely arrival of Andrew Blakely's watch and the mock arrest of Hughes which prevented extending the disturbance. MCC 15:537-538, 557-559 Andrew Blakely; Hughes
1827 New York NYC January: New Years' disturbances at a house at Frankfurt steet and Brooklyn. Mayor Philip Howe's house. NYGazette, January 4, 1827 Philip Howe
1827 New York NYC January: Riot at Anthony street near Elm street. As a result, the watch committee was directed to employ a physician to attend certain watchmen who had been injured. Costello.Our Police Protectors, p.72
1827 New York NYC January: A large riot which saw Irish and watchmen come to blows. Several watchmen were badly hurt - two of their cops were beat in pieces. It apparently started with an Irish attack on a black man while he was walking in Anthony street. All but ten of the rioters were convicted, including Patrick Winters. NYC General Sessions, January 3, 1827
1827 New York NYC January: Police broke up a disturbance in cellar at 65 Catherine street. 30 or 40 men, women, and children involved. 5 young men in particular opposed the watch - they are named - and were taken in. NYEP, January 11, 1827
1827 New York NYC February: After refusing to pay a black man for food and drink served at his "cook shop" several butchers beat him and disrupted the restaurant. NYC General Sessions, March 9, 1827
1827 New York NYC February: A number of men, probably black men, were suckered into accompanying a white man to just outside Darby and Jones tavern and Canal street. At a signal a gang from inside came charging out and beat on them. SC PC cases 7439 7
1827 New York NYC February: A number of persons were collected in No. 32 Broad street, fought with Spades and brickbats, quarrelled, and made great noise collecting a mob. SC PC cases 7439 12
1827 New York NYC February: A young man was disorderly in the Chrystie street church. When an attempt was made to put him out he called other in and commenced a fight. SC PC cases 7439 12
1827 New York NYC February: An uproar and disturbance at the Greek Ball in the theater occurred between 2 and 3:00am. SC PC cases 14
1827 New York NYC March: Collins Shepherd had his house disrupted by a number of men who were acting in a very riotous manner, breaking a table, etc. SC PC cases 7439 14
1827 Pennsylvania Philadelphia April: "Riot - there has been some scuffling among the firemen of Philadelphia, and in one set-to, clothes were torn and a forefinger bitten - firecely and ferociously bitten off…" Statesman, April 27, 1827
1827 New York NYC April: The Union African Church was disturbed at 8 o'clock. A stone was thrown, a mob formed and services interrupted. SC PC cases 7439 8
1827 New York NYC April: Several men misbehaved, fought and made noise at Robert Brewer's house in an attempt, in Brewer's eyes, to have him charged with running a disorderly house. NYC General Sessions, May 12, 1827 Robert Brewer
1827 Maine Bowdoin College, Me May: A number of college "frolics" including burning a barrel of tar, lighting gunpowder under a tutor's buttocks, and stealing the school bell. NYEP, May 24, 1827
1827 New York NYC May: Nathaniel McKee says that a number of persons assembled about his door at 437 Washington street, "in a riotous and raucous manner, broke and entered the premises where he was peacable and as he believed legally in possession and by force of violence threw the property of deponent into the street and put himself and family into the street." He lists 18 people as thus being involved. SC PC 7439 9
1827 Alabama Perry Co., Alabama June: A mob of 70 or 80 persons burned a black person alive because he had stabbed a white man. The black person had been accused of stealing a small piece of property and (the white person?) was stabbed when hassling the black person about it. The black individual was taken to a Justice, who waived jurisdiction in the case and then led the mob himself as its President. This was the 2nd time in the county that a black person had been so burnt. NYEP, July 25, 1827 PTH edits
1827 New York NYC June: Mary Wall had her house disrupted, furniture thrown about, etc., by a number of riotous men. SC PC cases 7439 14 Mary Wall
1827 New York NYC June: Personal fracas on Wall street in the morning. Few details. NYGazette, June 20, 1827
1827 New York NYC July: Riot occurred at theater after an actress failed to appear. Weinbaum.Mobs…, p.37
1827 Pennsylvania Philadelphia August: Reports of some violence on both sides in journeymen tailors strike. Reports that some strikers attacked scabs. Subsequently in a trial strikers are convicted of conspiracy, but acquitted of assault charges. At least 5 men said to be involved in mob activity. Commons and Gilmore.Doc. Hist. of Ind. Soc., p.103, 110-111, 119-124, 197, 258, 264
1827 Massachusetts Boston September: On the mall, probably the common, Mr. Payson Perrin, merchant, was beaten by several men of good character who mistook him for someone else. Exactly who is unclear, whoever it was was not liked. On the 11th "one of the wretches alluded to was fucked in the Frog Pomp" and the charge was so despicable that "the tongue, loathed to speak and which rendered the state prison more abominable than all the crimes perpetrated by its inmates." But there was local news coverage at the time. NYGazette, October 12, 1827 Payson Perrin
1827 Pennsylvania Hunter's Fall, PA October: Destruction of contractor's property on the Pennsylvania Canal in dispute over non-payment. Arrests made. Way.Common Labour, p.288
1827 New York NYC March: Greenburg Baxter, inventor of the so-called "self-supplying water wheel" had his Rivington street house busted open by 12 to 15 men who, after forcing his wife Margaret to make them breakfast, seized him for $15 debt. Margaret quickly paid the debt but discovered that her husband was nowhere to be found. NY American, March 28, 1827 Greenburg Baxter; Margaret Baxter
1827 New York NYC October: A number of men came into Smith Sloan Inn, intending to break it up. Solomon Teller was attacked and after they were put out they continued to make great noise. SC PC 7440 2 Solomon Teller
1827 New York NYC October: Thomas Morton had his house harassed by a number of men who knocked Isaac Lench down, struck Morton's wife, made a great noise and threw oyster shels at his house. SC PC cases 7440 1 Thomas Morton; Isaac Lench
1827 New York NYC November: Riot at the 4th ward for 6 hours. One person indicted for riot, little info. NYC General Sessions, January 18, 1828
1827 New York NYC November: Chatham Square dry goods riot. When some dry goods stores remained open after dark, massive riots occurred for several days. NYC General Sessions, November 9, 1827
1827 New York NYC November: A large crowd formed at Chatham square. Stones were thrown, windows broken, and several persons injured. When ordered by the magistrates to disperse they refused. The intention was to pull the "House," meaning "La Racque." The mayor was there. Over thirty persons indicted for riot. NYC General Sessions, November 9, 1827
1827 Pennsylvania Philadelphia November: Riot between black and white people. Arose from personal quarrel, others become involved. Several injured. First of these. Whites generally aggressors. Inflamed by(??). Scharf.H of P, p.624
1827 New York NYC October: Several men entered Ann Gregory's house in a disorderly manner, broke and destroyed and threatened her, 7 were convicted of riot. NYC General Sessions, November 17, 1827 Ann Gregory
1827 New York NYC December: "Christmas Eve frolics" - pranksters go about on holidays knocking and taking down signs. On the day after Christmas the police had 18 such signs. NYGazette, December 27, 1827
1827 New York NYC December: About midnight a number of men burst into Mary Ann Davis' house. SC PC 7440 12 Mary Ann Davis
1828 New York NYC January: A large snowball fight in Broad street between boys favoring Adams and Jackson. The Gazette felt the Adams boys won. Others believed the hickory lads did. NY Gazette, January 11, 1828
1828 New York NYC January: A crowd of men attacked Henry Dodez's house on Broome street between 12 and 1 o'clock at night. They got on top of the house and tore off shingle boards, entered the house, fought and broke chairs and property in the house. George Messerve was there and hit Dodez with a stick. NYC General Sessions, February 16, 1828
1828 New York NYC January: The guard of a prison work gang was harassed by a large crowd, and followed through the city. Three persons were indicted for riot. NYC General Sessions, February 14, 1828
1828 Pennsylvania Philadelphia January: On Saturday afternoon between 3 and 5 o'clock between 200 and 300 boys, formed in parties favoring two different fire companies - the "Washington" and the "Assistance," fought it out with stones and clubs. The police broke it up at 5 o'clock. Five youths, ages 10 to 14 years, were taken into custody and the mayor lectured a throng of boys who followed the arrested boys to the watch house. Next time, the mayor said, they all would be arrested. The 5 lads seized were bound to keep the peace. N.Y.Gazette, January 25, 1828
1828 New York NYC February: William Donahue shoved two fighting men from his front door on Division street, only to have those two men with the crowd that had been watching them burst into his house, attack him and his wife, and destroy their property. NYC General Sessions, February 13, 1828
1828 New York NYC February: A riot occurred Sunday afternoon in a vacant lot between Broome and Grand streets, where a number of persons had collected to hear the preaching of John Edwards. Stones and brick bats flew about. N.Y.National Advertiser, Feb. 13, 1828
1828 New York NYC February: A gang of butcher boys and young men came to Guyman's 1st ave. house. They drank liquor without paying, broke and destroyed property and afterwards stones his house and property. SC PC - cases 7440 14 Guyman
1828 New York NYC February: Nicholas Shyvesant often had his house stoned and fences pulled down by a gang of boys in the neighborhood on Sundays. This apparently happened on Sunday. One person indicted. NYC General Sessions, March 11, 1828 Nicholas Shyvesant
1828 Massachusetts Cambridge, MA February: On Washington's birthday, Harvard students who favored JAQ burnt Jackson in effigy. This was condemned by NYEP. NYEP, March 3, 1828 Andrew Jackson
1828 New Jersey Tranton, NJ March: The governor and state assemblymen Newbold from Burlington Co., were burnt in effigy by supporters of the Delaware Rariton Canal bill. The governor opposed the bill. Newbold supported it, but it was believed he was against the bill. NYEP, March 10, 1828 Newbold
1828 New York NYC March: Between four and five o'clock in the morning, 20 or so men were behaving riotously at Old Slip. When confronted with a watchman they attacked him and beat him. NYC General Sessions, April 17, 1828
1828 New York NYC March: A gang called "forties" came into the house of Samuel John, 141 Anthony street, broke and destroyed property, took money out of the draw, and upset a stove filling the room full of smoke. After this they went outside, threw stones, and broke the window. All this was done because John had had one of the gang taken up. SC PC - cases 7440 9 Samuel John
1828 New York NYC March: While returning from a fire in Pearl street, fire engine 3 was assailed by the "Old Slip Gang" who cheered and interfered with the Engine. When requested to desist they cheered again and threw stones at the firemen. SC PC - cases 7440 10
1828 New York NYC March: A Greenwich Irish laborer died of tetanus. The attending doctor asked the landlord, who had care of the man and his belongings, if he could do an autopsy. He said okay…while the doctor and colleage were dissecting the deceased, a "robust countryman of the deceased" came and started to argue with them. He left and returned with a mob which threatened violence unless the doctors ceased their barbarous handling of their countryman. Luckily the doctors escaped unscathed. But the 1st doctor was harassed for several days thereafter. Statesman, April 4, 1828
1828 New York NYC March: Three men committed for riot on Sunday afternoon in third avenue. The riot was serious. "A number of turbulent fellows having congregated there and selected as their Sunday amusements, a general fight with fists, stones, clubs, etc." NYEP, April 1, 1828
1828 New York NYC April: Thirteen men indicted for riot. A house, which formerly belonged to RG Stuyvesant, on 1st ave was stoned and almost broken into by a large crowd of 200-500 persons. There was talk of having the satisfaction of the Irish. The watch was called to quell the disturbance and were resisted. The house opposite to Stuyvesant's was partially demolish and fences were likewise torn down. NYC General Sessions, April 11, 1828 RG Stuyvesant
1828 New York NYC April: Owen O'Connor charge Patrick and Rob and William for A+B. On investigation it appeared that O'Connor and about 50 others had gone outside the Milliam lodgings and dared them to fight. This became apparent from the Milliam story which was told with their friends present as well as O'Connor, his two brothers, and about 20 others in the police office. One of O'connors party became so heated that he challenged Milliam to a fight with shillehahs right then and there. The Milliams gave bond for crowd behavior. The O'Connors and 4 or 5 others were put in jail for count of bail. NYGazette, April 8, 1828 Patrick Milliam; Rob Milliam
1828 New York NYC April: Riot in morning at Cross street. Half dozen committed to Bridewell. Statesman, April 11, 1828
1828 New York NYC April: On the night of the 10th, some persons willfully and maliciously broke and destroyed several stone stoops and iron railings. NYGazette, April 15, 1828
1828 New York NYC April: Seven men were brought to the police office in the morning for being riotous near the cathedral. Four were committed to Bridewell, three were bailed. NYGazette, April 16, 1828
1828 New York NYC April: Ladock Seely was attacked by a number of men in the public street. This created a great mob and disturbed the peace. NYC General Sessions, May 9, 1828 Ladock Seely
1828 New York NYC April: A large collection of people, some of them fighting, were dispersed from the parade ground around midnight by a watchman. Shortly afterward Batholomew Grewger led an armed gang in an attack at a party on Greenwich and 8th street. The door was broken open nad windows busted. NYC General Sessions, May 7, 1828
1828 Alabama Mobile, Alabama April: Riot occurred when one party attempted to inflict a personal indignity on another party for some supposed slander. Shots were exchanged, and several persons were wounded. It took a detachment of Grenadiers to disperse the mob. NYGazette, May 15, 1828
1828 New York NYC May: Clarisa Moan, Little water street, was harassed by the Groagers and others who struck her, presented a pistol etc. SC PC - cases 7440 14 Clarisa Moan
1828 New York NYC May: Between 8 and 9 o'clock there was a fight between the Old Slip gang and the crew of a ship which arrived the day before near the corner of Front and Old Slip. NYC General Sessions, June 4, 1828
1828 New York NYC May: Some sort of disturbance in a public street. There are few details. Two men indicted. NYC General Sessions, June 4, 1828
1828 New York NYC May: Fist fight between Ishcroft and Stanton at the parade ground collected a large mob. The Pugilists and their seconds were indicted and convicted of riot. NYC General Sessions, June 4 1828
1828 New York NYC June: A riot at the 9th ward. An attack on an unknown person. One indictment for tio and A+B. He confessed. NYC General Sessions, June 4, 1828
1828 New York NYC June: The Washington Blues Militia company was harassed by a large mob led by a constable and en ex-Blues officer. Horns were blown, etc. SC PC - cases 7440, 11
1828 New York NYC June: The sloop Republican and her crew were assaulted by a gang from shore about midnight. The ship was lying a little above state prison wharf at the foot of Penny street. NYC General Sessions, July 16, 1828
1828 Massachusetts Salem, MA June: Attemtped tar and feathering. Captain Meeker of the sloop Huron had been cruelly indifferent to the plight of capsized men in Boston harbor. To teach him humanity a number of men determined to T+F him. But Meeker escaped to his cabin and barricaded himself in threatening to shoot any one coming in. The mob decided not to risk it and instead poured water down the chimney to ruin the captain's belongings and dropped stones on the vessel to damage it. Statesman, July 2, 1828 Meeker
1828 New York NYC July: Weaver's strike saw crowd coersion used as a mob of 40 or 50 visited non-striking weavers along 8th ave and destroyed the Webbs of Alex, Knox, cotton manufacturer. Knox's son, Alex Jr., was accosted by the mob. They also threatened to destroy their house and manufacturing center. NYC General Sessions, July 14, 1828 Alex Knox; Alex Knox jr.
1828 New York NYC July: A young man stabbed a black woman and robbed her. He also stabbed her son, a cripple. The neighborhood was soon alarmed and a number of persons surrounded the house where the desperado had retreated for security, and after a good deal of (??), forced the door, pinioned, and stowed him in a wagon, in which he had a little gentle exercise to Bridewell. NYFreeman's Journal, July 11, 1828
1828 New York NYC July: James Moon, who kept a disorderly house, with a gang of men were in the street near the theater attacking everyone who went by. They were convicted of riot. NYC General Sessions, July 11, 1828 James Moon
1828 New York NYC July: Dockworker's strike. Massive crowd action. Several ships attacked. Many indictments for riot. NYC General Sessions, July 16, 1828
1828 New York NY Mohawk river July: Between Troy and Albany the steamboat Matilda was disturbed by a fight which erupted into a riot when the captain and his crew attempted to separate the assailants. Six persons were arrested and it was noted that most of the passengers were foreigners. Statesman, July 26, 1828
1828 New York NYC July: Madame Johnson was supposed to ascend in balloon from Nibilio's Garden. However, technical difficulties prevented this and the balloon was sent aloft without her. About 20,000 spectators had gathered inside and outside the Garden. On hearing that no one was in the balloon, a part of the crowd outside the gate grew unruly and attempted to froce their way into the Garden. This was repulsed by the officers, several of whom were wounded in the endeavour. Hays was injured in the face. Brink bruised in several parts of his body. NYGazette, July 22, 1828 Johnson; Hays; Brink
1828 New York NYC July: A race between two cartman's horses ended in a fight and probably riot. NYC General Sessions, Aug 13, 1828
1828 Massachusetts Boston August: Theater riot. Towards the close of a play a fight erupted in the 3rd tier. 15 to 20 persons involved and the riot lasted 25 to 30 minutes. The police quelled the disturbance. The French company was playing. NYGazette, August 19, 1828
1828 Conneticut New Haven August: Disturbances at Yale College. NYGazette, August 20, 1828
1828 New York Hudson River August: Steamboat Henry Eckford had its passage from NYC to Albany disturbed by a riot. The steamboat carried in tow a number of freight barges which also carried passages. A dispute between the captain and two Irishmen over the amount charged to a female passenger led to a riot as the barge was cut adrift by the riotors and an attempt was made to board the steamboat. Several of the rioters were arrested. NYNational Advertiser, August 5, 1828
1828 Pennsylvania Philadelphia August: Kensing weavers riot. Stephen Heimer, a watchman, was killed. Heimer was off duty. He entered an Irish tavern, made noise as he had in the street, 3rd street above Poplar Lowe, and called the owners "bloody Irish transports." Hence he was attacked. He had been asked to be quiet because there was a dying woman in the house. Irish weavers riot, leaving one watchman dead. The rioters seized a building and hoisted a flag of the weaver's trade. Scharf and Wescott, I, p.623 Stephen Heimer
1828 New Jersey Glamster Point, NJ August: A camp (?) meeting of black people, which was held for several days, was broken up by white people. This was near Philadelphia. NYStatesman, August 23, 1828 PTH Edits
1828 Pennsylvania Near Harrisburg September: Canal workers for the NY Mamouth Company rioted as their wages were in arrears - for some working men it was as much as $400. There was another riot there a half year later. Sullivan.Ind. Worker of Penn., p.151-152
1828 New York NYC September: John Jameson was attacked by several persons. One man held his horse while another dumped him out of his cart. Others threw mud stones and brick bats which hit. This occurred in the evening. SC PC - 7440 15 John Jameson
1828 New York NYC September: Two US soldiers were escorting a deserter through the city streets to the docks to transport him to West Point when a number of citizens interfered and freed him. The NYEP says this conduct was wrong and deserved to be punished. NYEP, September 17, 1828
1828 New York NYC September: Murray, a black person, was arrested for being concerned in a riot in Five Points. NYGazette, September 20, 1828 Murray
1828 New York NYC September: Thomas Chick, a decent looking fellow, was taken up for promoting a riot in front of the Methodist church in Forsythe street. The chuch did not want him fined or imprisoned but only bound to keep the peace. He was fined $25 or put security up to keep the peace. NYGazette, September 20, 1828 Thomas Chick
1828 New York NYC September: About a dozen Irishmen were called up for being concerned in a mob at the foot of Oliver street. Some had black eyes, others bloody noses - lost hats, shirts, etc. Two were committed. NYGazette, September 20, 1828
1828 New York NYC October: A large disturbance on the evening at Rector street called for the attention of the watch. When it arrived there was resistance. Two men were convicted of riot and A+B. NYC General Sesions, October 14, 1828
1828 New York NYC October: A gang, led by butcher George Messerve came and disrupted John Betts tavern. They did this frequently. NYC General Sesions, November 14, 1828 George Messerve John Betts
1828 New York NYC October: A man was driven by a mob from Tammary Hall with his garments "torn into tatters." Statesman, November 5, 1828
1828 New York NYC November: During Presidential election's second day, Adamsites claimed that the Jacksonians for hours prevented Adams supporters from voting. They removed the ballot boxes from the inspection of the inspectors and those Adamsites who challenged the right of certain Jacksonians to vote "were knocked down and dragged out." Weinbaum.Mobs…, p.12
1828 Pennsylvania Pittsburgh November: Election riots were perennial and when the mayor and magistrates attempted to put a stop to the "shoutings, burning tar barrels, firing crackers, throwing fireballs, etc.," they were greeted with derisions. In fact, their opposition made the riot worse and they were physically abused. NYNational Advertiser, November 11, 1828
1828 Pennsylvania Philadelphia November: Riot against Binns, publisher of the coffin handbills. Matteson ms - notecards; Scharler III, p.438 Binns
1828 New York NYC November: Butcher George is at it again, disrupting with several others, William Wrights house. (??) come there frequently. NYC General Sessions, December 9, 1828 George Messerve William Wright
1828 Massachusetts Salem, MA November: Five boys arrested for disturbing the congregation of the Tabernacle church on Sunday evening. NYGazette, November 15, 1828
1828 New York NYC November: John Mitchell with 40 or 50 others came to William Shaw's house twice, acting "in a very disorderly and riotous manner" breaking his windows, bursting his door, and taking down his decanters and dranking the liquors contrary to his express orders. SC PC - cases 7440 18 William Shaw
1828 New York NYC November: The pit of the Bowery theater was disturbed by a number of rowdies the night of the 20th. One was convicted of riot. NYC General Sessions, December 12, 1828
1828 New York NYC December: A group of rioters led by William Smull and others entered Rachel Pruyne's house, broke and destroyed her proerty and beat and bruised her. NYC General Sessions, January 16, 1829
1828 New York NYC December: The estate of John B. Murray was vandalized by a gang of young men and a bell carried off. There were about 14 or 15 young men. Two gangs are reported as usually involved in this activity - the Holy Gang and Lafayette. SC PC - cases 7441 1 John B. Murray
1828 New York NYC January: Mary Ann Coleman had her apartment invaded by a number of riotous men in the evening. SC PC 7440 14 Mary Ann Coleman
1828 Massachusetts Boston January: Riot in south Boston. Two men arrested and bound to trial at $5,000 bond. NYFreedom's Journal, February 8, 1828
1828 New York NYC January: Massive riotous New Years celebration. Perhaps 4,000 persons joined in the procession which began about 9:00pm on the 31st in the Bowery and marched with drums, tin kettles, rattles, horns, whistles, etc and a large Penn wagon. They pelted a public house with balls of lime flour and when some of their leaders were arrested by the watch in Hester street they attacked the watch and rescued them. They took a cross street to Courtland street. There they unsuccessfully attempted to knock down the iron railing. By then it was between 1 and 2:00am. Instead they overthrew a cart and broke some windows. They went up to the city Hotel where a ball was taking place. There the watch confronted them. But rather than making arrests and fighting with the crowd the watch gave way. The masses slowly dispersed. NYGazette, January 3, 1828
1828 New York NYC January: About 5:00am a gang of young men were in Roosevelt street pulling and throwing down boxes and barrels. When the watchman grabbed one of them the rest began to stone him. SC PC 7440 13
1829 Conneticut Hartford, CT January: Andrew Jackson burnt in effigy and Howd bills were passed out with a picture of a gallows with the motto "the hero's reward." A reward was offered for the offenders. NYFreedom's Journal, February 7, 1829 Andrew Jackson
1829 Ohio Cincinnatti August: 3,000 free black people were forced to leave. Kerber. "Abols…and Analysis," NYH p.28
1829 New York NYC January: Mayor Bowne had issued a proclamation which "together with the means taken to enforce it had the effect to prevent the riots and disturbances which have annoyed our citizens on New Year's eve for several years past." The Diary of Philip Howe, p.9
1829 Maine Bedford, Me January: Andrew Jackson executed in effigy by a local firing squad. NYFreedom's Journal, Feb. 7, 1829 Andrew Jackson
1829 New York NYC January: Elizabeth Owen, had her house disrupted, with the front door broken by about 10-12 men. SC PC - cases 7441 8 Elizabeth Owen
1829 New York NYC January: In the evening several persons came to Hibbard's home, broke almost all the (??), mirror and burst open the back door, swearing that they would go through the house. SC PC cases 7441 10 Hibbard
1829 New York NYC January: Disturbances greeted Frances Wright's 1st lecture series in NYC. Weinbaum.M+D, p.35 Frances Wright
1829 New York NYC January: Jared Smith of Norfold street frequently was drunk and disorderly and raised a mob with all his noise. This he did on the night of the 16th when he kicked his wife and children out of the house. He was convicted of riot and A+B. NYC General Sessions, February 11, 1829
1829 New York NYC February: Michael Burke has a store the corner of Orange and Anthony streets and reports that a large mob of persons assembled there and insulted and abused persons who were passing along in sleighs and throwing stones. About 9 panes of glass were broken in Burke's store. SC PC cases 7441 2 Michael Burke
1829 New York NYC February: JF Ritter, master of arms of the Fulton, lying at the Navy yard at Brooklyn, arrested a deserter that morning in Catharine market. He was opposed by two persons, both prisoners of the US Government, raised a large crowd, and enabled the prisoner to escape. One of the ringleaders, John Slaver, was later arrested and bound to the next sessions. NYEP, February 18, 1829 John Slaver JF Ritter
1829 Pennsylvania Waynesburg, Pa March: Riot over dispute between canal workers and locals. One person shot in the cheek. Way.Common Labour, p.179, 288
1829 New York NYC March: Stone workers at Ferris Marble Manufacturers stood out for wages. They used threats, violence, and mob action to coerce non-strikers and scabs off the job. SC PC cases 7441 3+4
1829 New York NYC March: Two respectable young bakers were attacked and maltreated in Five Points by a gang called Forty Thieves or highbinders. NYGazette, April 2, 1829
1829 Pennsylvania Penn Canal April: Workers use violence in strike concerning wages. Grinmsted. "A L," p. 11, 23, 40
1829 Pennsylvania Penn April: Canal workers combine for higher wages. They not only refused to work but also used vioelnce to prevent others from working. They were put down and ringleaders arrested. Most of the strikers were foreigners. Niles.Weekly Register, April 11, 1829
1829 New York NYC April: In the forenoon Mary Ann Davis' place was invaded by a number of rowdy firemen, harassing her and others who were there. SC PC cases 7441 5 Mary Ann Davis
1829 New York NYC April: There was a riot in Cross street. In the morning of the 19th. The mob was throwing brick bats, cutting hoses, etc. SC PC cases 7441 6
1829 Pennsylvania Clark's Ferry, Pa May: An Irishman refused to pay for his whiskey at a local saloon. After being kicked out he returned with a number of his countrymen to pull down the building and kill the innkeeper Martin. Finding the house secure they began pulling it down. Martin threatened to shoot them, and finally, in desperation, commenced firing. No one was killed, but several were wounded. The sheriff ordered out the posse to restore order. NYEP, May 9, 1829
1829 New York NYC May: 1:30 the night of the 13th 20 or 30 men raised a great noise on Broadway near White street and abused Thomas Fenton and others. Four men were indicted for riot but acquitted. NYC General Sessions, June 6, 1829 Thomas Fenton
1829 Pennsylvania Nanticoke, Pa May: Near the town "foreigners" employed on the North Branch canal rioted. One man was killed, several were beaten. Some of the ringleaders escaped, others were captured. Niles'Weekly Register, June 20, 1829
1829 New York NYC May: James O'Connor was beaten outside his house on Christine street by William Rice and a number of others who were all charged with riot and A+B. NYC General Sessions, July 16, 1829 James O'Connor
1829 New York NYC May: When two officers entered a house in Augustus street to levy an execution on the goods of an Irishman, "a general turn out of his countrymen took place." A riot was prevented by the timely arrival of the police. The goods were removed and the officers beat a hasty retreat. New York Statesman, June 2, 1829
1829 Rhode Island Providence, RI July: About 60 to 80 persons paraded through town starting at 2:00am with "Tin horns, conch shells, tin pans, drums and fife." They awoke the whole town, demolished garden fences, cut the halyards of various flag poles, hung a number of citizens in effigy an finally burnt those effigies in a bonfire. NYEP, July 13, 1829
1829 Pennsylvania Erie, Penn July: When a masonic methodist preacher attempted to preach at a church in Erie, he was disrupted and forced to continue in a nearby barn. NYEP, July 24, 1829
1829 New York NYC July: The African church on 6th avenue was distubed during services by a number of boys - one of whom wore his jacked inside out. Stones were thrown and a cart ring was threatened to be ued in hitting someone. This kind of activity occurred frequently. Timothy Duffy and Michael Tweeny were indicted and convicted of riot and A+B. NYC General Sessions, July 14, 1829 Timothy Duffy; Michael Tweeny
1829 New York NYC July: Allan Boupe was arrested at 9:30pm for rioting. Later that evening he stabbed a watchman. For this he was prosecuted in Gen. sessions August 13. NYEP, August 14, 1829
1829 New York NYC July: Sarah Thomas was harassed in the evening by 12 to 15 persons who came to her door, sung, dance, and made a great noise. The vestry lamp was broken and they threqa handkerchief full of frogs about her room. One has several times threatened to come to her house and throw flour about it. SC PC 7441, 9 Sarah Thomas
1829 New York NYC July: Religious assembly held at Christie street between Hester and Walker was disrupted by Jacob C. Cauldwell and others. Cauldwell plead guilty to riot and A+B. NYC General Sessions, July 16, 1829
1829 Massachusetts New Bedford August: Citizens destroy a 2nd ship converted into a brothel. Ellis.History of New Bedford
1829 Pennsylvania Chambersburg, Penn August: A demonstration was made upon the market house which resulted in the prostration of the Northwest pillar. "This building has long been an eyesore to a portion of our inhabitants, but we had not supposed, that any of them were capable of convincing their displeasure to it." NYEP, August 8, 1829
1829 New York NYC August: A number of rowdies refused to obey a watchman's order to behave about two thirty am in Amity street between Wooster and Green. The watchman was manhandled by two brothers. NYC General Sessions, September 11, 1829
1829 Maryland Baltimore August: Several disturbances by laborers at B+O railroad. On Friday Aug. 14 one man was killed near city, several wounded. On Sunday rioters ransacked the dwelling of Thomas Elliott, one of the contractors. Scharf.Chronicles, p.441 Thomas Elliott