People and Events

People and Events.

Year State Location Description Source Persons Named as Rioters Persons Named as Targets Note
1799 New York NYC July: Appearance of a dead baby suspected of being murdered in a house of ill-fame. A mob of 800 to 1000 formed to demolish the house. They were prevented by the timely interference from the mayor and some magistrates. Some militia were called out to assist. July 20, the common council held a special meeting to distribute 2000 copies of a handbill to admonish people away from rioting which apparently they persisted in for the past few nights. Stokes.IconographyV, p.1370
1799 New York NYC July: On Warren street a riot of sorts took place between William Duer Jr., Mr. Fischer, both petty officers on the Frigate Adams, with other Navy men and the Republican residents of Warren Street. Both claim the other started it. The details of the ensuing court case and political charges are covered in full detail in newspapers. N.Y.Argus, August 5,7,8,9,10,12,13,15,27, 1799;N.Y. Journal, July 13, 1799 William Duer Jr.; Fischer William Duer Jr.; Fischer
1799 New York NYC August: Three men charged and convicted of riot and assault and battery in August sessions. The same sessions saw six men convicted jointly of assault and battery. "Gen List NYC…" 29
1799 Maryland Baltimore August: Sailors from the US ship Maryland riot between 11 and 12 o'clock at nigt in Argyre street, Fell's Point. "A large bowditti of those sailors" gutted a grocer's shop there, destroying all the goods and dispersing them in the street. They beat the grocer and nearly murdered a neighbor. Then the sailors went to the Market house where, if it had not been for the spirited interference of the watch, a black man, who was already badly beaten, would have been killed. With the aid of some citizens several of the rioters were secured and the disturbance was quelled. N.Y.Argus, August 27, 1799
1799 Maine Donville/Auburn, Me October: Crowd breaks into Peter Merrill's barn and seizes and destroys a chaise belonging to Josiah Little, a Pejepscot Proprietor. Taylor, p.268 Peter Merrill; Josiah Little
1799 Virginia Petersburgh, Va October: Two butchers named Rowles insulted the magistrates while in the exercise of their duty. They refused to be taken. One surrendered when a writ was issued to use force, the other monted his horse armed with two pistols and bid defiance to the town. The citizens rose en masse and pursued him through the streets for hours before he too surrendered. But when they were about to jail him and his accomplice, they both resisted and fought against the whole crowd until they were subdued. N.Y.Argus, November 1, 1799
1800 New Jersey Elizabethtown, NJ February: A near riot broke out as a dispute between two domestics at Richard Lyon's Tavern and three officers from Col. Smith's regiment threatened to become more serious. Two of the officers drew their swords and threatened several people, especially the tavern keeper - both indoors and out. They then retired to the house of Joseph Lyon where a concourse of people collected at 6 o'clock and demanded immediate satisfaction. If the civil authorities had not intervened the officers would have been "immolated on the spot." A warrant was issued and Captain(??) and William Livingston posted bond and the people dispersed without further commotion. N.Y.Argus, February 20, 21, 1800 Joseph Lyon; William Livingston
1800 Maine Greene, Me May: More than a dozen men dressed as Native Americans and armed with muskets obstruct Lothrap Lewis' survey for the Pejepscot Proprietors and erase his memorandum book. Taylor, p.268 Lothrap Lewis
1800 Maryland Baltimore April: Federal Gazette April 11, described sailors strike as follows (Saposs says strike in NY, March 26 - but it doesn't fit quote). "A large mob of sailors who had turned out for higher wages, and were parading the streets of Fell's Pt on Monday, in riotous confusion, made an attempt after dark to board and (??) a vessel belonging to Messis David Steward and sons, on board it was said, men had entered at 18 a month. Their design being learnt, several citizens put themselves on board, to defend her in case of necessity, from the savages ofthe mob, who seemed bent on mischief and approached with drums and fife, and colours flying. As they attempted to get on board they were opposed, when a severe conflict ensued, and notwithstanding the vessel lay alongside the wharf, they were three times repulsed with broken heads and bloody noses. Mr. David Stewart [sic], Mr. Beeman, and several others who were on board, we learn, were very considerably wounded - but fortunately, no lives were lost." Cited in Saposs in Commons, et al.Hist. of Labour in US, I, p.110-111 David Stewart; Beeman
1800 Maine Danistown/Montville, Me June: Armed settlers seize, threaten and release George Ulmer, an agent for Henry Knox. Taylor, p.268 George Ulmer
1800 Maine Donville/Auborn, Me July: David Hidreth leads settlers in an assault on Peter Merrill, a supporter of Pejepscot Proprietors. Taylor, p.268 David Hidreth Peter Merrill
1800 Maine Alna, Me July: Armed settlers obstruct Deputy Sheriff Pitt Dillingham while he is serving writs. Taylor, p.268 Pitt Dillingham
1800 Maine Lincoln Plantation/Thorndike, Me July: Men disguised as Indians fire upon surveyors led by Robert Houston and working for Henry Knox, three men are wounded. Taylor, p.268 Robert Houston
1800 New York West Point, NY July: Captain J. Stillee of West Point, desirous to keep his men out of a public house owned by a Mr. North, sent some patrols to check for any soldiers there on July 4, 1800. A large number of people “from the mountains” where in town that day and behaving riotously. When Stillee’s patrol reached the establishment, the crowd attacked and beat them, taking their weapons. Before Stillee could form up his men in an organized manner to relieve the patrol, the soldier rushed out on their own, with bayonets fixed, towards the action. At this point, Captain Stillee could not control or organize his men. The soldiers, outraged at the sight of their bloodied fellows, attacked the public house, defended now with the weapons stolen from the fallen soldiers, but were beaten back “with much loss of blood.” After “much havoc had been committed on North’s house,” Stillee took control of his men and induced the defenders to surrender and escorted them to the guard house. Similar incidents had apparently happened previously, with Stillee complaining that “There is scarcely a public day of any sort, that they do not assemble here, and endeavor to raise a disturbance with the soldiers. Some of the fellows that are now in confinement, have been confined before in the same place, for the same offence.” N: J. Stillee, “Particulars of a Riot,” The Ostego Herald: or, Western Advertiser (Cooperstown, NY) July 31, 1800 PTH
1800 Maryland Fell's Point, Baltimore, MD July: A sailor from the frigate Insurgente was kicked out of a music house on the street called "Oakum Bay." Returning with the fellow sailors, a mob formed outside the house. Before any hostilities could commence, a musket rang out and 15 buckshot entered the sailor John Johnson through the face and neck, mortally wounding him. Enoch Brown, a midshipman, and Draper attempted to help Johnson, but were also shot and wounded. Two more men were shot and wounded who attempted to enter the house. Finally, the sailors forced their way in and siezed 10 men. Gazette of the United States, & daily advertiser. [volume], July 16, 1800, John Johnson; Enoch Brown; Draper John Johnson; Enoch Brown; Draper PTH
1800 Maine Fairfax/Albion, Me August: Armed settlers chase away Nathan Winslow, a surveyor for the Kennebeck Proprietors. Taylor, p.269 Nathan Winslow
1800 Maine Lewiston, Me August: At night a crowd surrounds and fires shots into house belonging to Robert Anderson, a Pejepscot Proprietor supporter. Taylor, p.269 Robert Anderson
1800 Pennsylvania Philadelphia August: After an argument between two men in the China Factory, a brothel in Southwark, in which one of the men was killed several houses of prostitution were torn down. By the 14th, six houses were essentially destroyed. There was little opposition to the riots and some limited condoning of the action in the press. Boatswain won. He was from armed vessel. He was arrested and charged with manslaughter. Each man enouraged by his mistress. Alexander.Render them Submissive, p.83
1800 Maine Litchfield, Me September: Armed men fire shots to frighten away surveyors led by John Torsey and working for Kennebeck Proprietor. Taylor, p.269 John Torsey
1800 Maine Monmouth, Me September: Settlers rescue a comrade accused of firing on John Torsey's survey for Kennebeck Proprietors. Taylor, p.269 John Torsey
1800 Maine Lewiston, Me September: A crowd of more than 20 disguised and armed men level stones into the house of Ezra Parrington, where Josiah Little, the principal Pejepscot Proprietor, is lodging; Little received slight wounds. Taylor, p.269 Ezra Parrington; Josiah Little
1800 Maine Lisbon, Me October: Armed settlers obstruct surveyors working for Kennebeck Proprietors. Taylor, p.269
1800 Maine Lewiston, Me October: At eight a crowd of armed and disguised men fired shots around house of the Pejepscot Proprietors claim. Taylor, p.269
1800 Maine Lewiston, Me October: Several men throw down fence and gate belonging to Ezra Parrington, a supporter of Pejobscot Proprietors. Taylor, p.269 Ezra Parrington
1800 Virginia Great Bridge, VA October: A Baptist preacher and Republican, Davis Biggs, was invited to preach at Great Bridge in Norfolk County. A Mr. W Butt or Burt, a local magistrate and Federalist, attempted to gather men to tar and feather the preacher. If he failed to find enough men, he threatened to cut off Bigg's ears, let out his bowels, or send him to Hell, "where all such apostates should be sent, when found." The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume], December 12, 1800, Image 4 W. Butt Davis Biggs PTH
1801 New York NYC February: "I suppose you have heard the melancholy news of Mr. Jefferson's election, there was quite a rejoicing about and (??) at the Battery were going as brisk as need be - and when we came home in the evening [from a ball?] there was a large mob in the broad way made up of the very dregs of the town, and they to besure were fighting at a most terrible rate, however we got safe home at last - though we were not a little frightened..." Marra Trumbell to Mrs. Trumbell, Feb. 21, 1801 in Helen M. Morgan, ed.A Season in New York, p.124
1801 New York NYC March: Republican victory celebration did overstep the proper boundaries of behavior. The Rep. Watch Tower commented "that there are some debauched characters who style themselves republicans, cannot be denied; but that intoxication is the peculiar habit of democracy law well be dented. Have we never seen aristocrats deviate from the paths of sobriety? Have we never seen riots and drunken mobs, on Federal jubilees? So extensive were the celebration that the Trumbull sisters, who were out to a dance, stayed over at a friend's rather than risk travel at night in the disorderly streets." Morgan, ed.A Season in NY, p.29;129,132 Trumbull
1801 Pennsylvania Meadville, Penn July: severe Fed/Rep. hostilities. Rep. threatened to drive Feds out of area - by mobs if necessary. Reports that Fed attorney, Foster's barn was burnt by Reps. No real details. Daily Advertiser, August 15, 1801 Foster
1801 Pennsylvania Wilkes-Barre, PA July: A man named Smiley, employed by Col. Horne, was to get declarations signed by settlers of the area. at 2 AM on the 8th, 15 men with blackened faces came to the place where Smiley was staying and destroyed the papers. The men then tarred and feathered Smiley. The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]), 24 July 1801. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. PTH
1801 New York NYC August: A large number of black people, about 250, surrounded Jeanne Mathusine Droibillon Volanbuen's house, threatened to burn it to the ground, murder all the white people inside and free a number of enslaved people. They were armed with clubs, with a small crowd gathering in the morning and increasing its numbers until the night. The black people were supposedly French. In the evening the watch was called, some resistance was made and 23 were arrested. Riot occurred on Eagle street. NYC General Session 0.9,1801 Jeanne Mathusine Droibillon Volanbuen
1801 New York NYC November: City bakers stop work because Common Council reinstated the Assize of Bread. Rock.Artisans, p.186
1801 New York NYC November: Three men charged with riot and A+B, no real details. MMPO II November 15, 1801
1801 Conneticut New Haven November: S. Morse is threatened by Elias Shipman and three or four companions. Shipman said that Morse should be kicked, rode on a rail, tarred and feathered, pushed off the wharf, and drummed out of town. The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]), 06 Nov. 1801. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. Elias Shipman S. Morse PTH
1802 New York NYC March: A number of Irishmen collected about sunset on the 17th on East George street and harassed nearly everyone who walked by. They attacked a number of people with clubs and stones and shouted "Huzzah for Dublin, we'll show the Americans freedom." Seven were arrested while there was at least 20 others. NYC General Sessions April 16, 1802; MMPO II March 17 and 18, 1802
1802 South Carolina Charleston October: Charles Richardson was killed in a riot in Chalmer's Alley. Patrick Leonard, Thomas Nicholson, and Joseph Frowks (a Portuguese) were charged with the crime and committed to prison. N.Y.Evening Post, October 23, 1802 Patrick Leonard; Thomas Nicholson; Joseph Frowks Charles Richardson
1802 New York NYC October: Seamen for several days paraded up and down the wharfs with drums beating and colors flying in the hopes of pressuring the merchants to raise wages from $10 to $14 a month. They boarded several ships ready to sail and between threats and violence compelled many other seamen not to sail. On the 20th they even demanded the ship's papers from the captain and the brig Sally. The mayor, some magistrates, and peace officers intercepted these "Maritime Insurgents" at their rendezvous in the morning (20th), taking a number in custody without resistance. N.Y.Evening Post, October 21, 1802
1802 New York NYC November: Warrant against ten people for riot sworn out. MMPO II 8, November 29, 1802
1802 New York NYC December: Warrant against 14 men sworn out for riot. MMPO II 8, December 1, 1802
1802 Pennsylvania Wyoming Valley, Penn December: Bartlett Hinds, witness against town settlers, was attacked by a group calling themselves the Combined Yankee Company. He was dragged from his house, abused, and beaten. Had his effigy burnt in front of him and was threatened with the like fate if he did not surrender his court fees and admit that he had done wrong. Hinds was even brought to the edge of the fire and had his hands pushed into it. When sitting his chair was pulled out from under him. The Yankee Company formed themselves into a body elected a chairman and voted on resolutions with a show of hands. They gave Hinds a month to get out of the county. N.Y.Evening Post, January 15, 1803 Bartlett Hinds
1803 New York Kingston, NY April: Prison riot. Anywhere from 15 to 40 prisoners attempted a mass escape. The captured several keepers and coerced a number of other prisoners to join them. Many others did not, almost to the point of armed opposition. The rioters tried to build a scaffold by which to get over the walls. But before anyone could escape the military came. The prisoners refused to give up and the military, suffering a hail of fire from stones and thrown (??), were ordered to shoot. One now-rioting prisoner was immediately killed. Several were severely wounded. One dying the next day. The prisoners returned to their halls defeated and to await charges of rioting and arson. N.Y.Evening Post, April 5,6, 1803
1803 New Jersey NJ October: Uriah Tracy wrote to James McHenry of "bad vote and foul play in recent NJ elections." Steinered.Life and Correspondence of James McHenry, p.522
1804 New York NYC January: Public meeting held by Republicans concerning city charter revision somewhat tumultuous. The uproar was caused by the failure of a committee appointed at an earlier meeting to petition the legislature to include a call for popular election of the mayor. Clinton opposed that measure and apparently had influenced the committee. One paper described the meeting as a "democratic mob" that "exhibited the discord, the tumult, the zeal and the fury of a Parisian mob." N.Y. Comm. Adv., February 1, 1804; Stokes.IconographyV, p.1417-19
1804 Pennsylvania Philadelphia July: Black people marched through street, knocking down at least one white man, proclaiming that they would "show them San Domingo." Smelse.Dem Rep., p.44; Chanring.History of the USII, p.134
1804 New York NYC July: Four workmen plus one or two others rioted on Catherine Street. They threw stones at people and houses and threatened several others. Their weapons included a shovel and hammers. NYC General Sessions, August 10, 1804
1804 Pennsylvania Philadelphia September: "September witnessed a riot begun by several Spanish sailors, who stabbed and dangerously wounded William Barry, a young American sailor. His friends went to a Spanish house and tore it to pieces. Several people were severely hurt during the riot." Scharf and Wiscott.History of Philadelphia,P.519 William Barry
1804 Maryland Elkton, Md September: A number of united Irishmen, canal workers, left off work, went to the race track armed with bludgeons and (??). There they paraded about and became involved in a fight with some blacks. They demolished one free black person's stall and chased the rest of the blacks toward town. The blacks bought protection from the whites. Several gentlemen of the races attempted to intercede. The Irish attacked these gentlemen too and a battle ensued between this mounted gentry armed with whips and Irish ruffians. Some of the gentry were injured, but it is inplied that the rioters got the worst of it, a few of whom, it was said, died afterwards. On their approach to the races the Irish are reported as declaring they could whip double their number of Americans. N.Y.E.P., October 13, 1804
1804 New York NYC October: George Raymond Marshall with six French officers forcibly recruited a number of French Americans. In the process they broke into a house, destroyed a fence. This action led Raymond to be charged with riot. NYC General Sessions, Dcember 10, 1804
1805 New York NYC April: Journeymen cabinetmakers walked out when the masters refused to honor an oral wage settlement. Artisans…, p.280-281
1805 New York NYC July: A fracas occurred at Bowling Green. Some Irishmen commented loudly that no American soldier was worth looking at except the Irish Greens. A yankee objected and a fist fight ensued which quickly expanded into a free-for-all. The mayor attempted to intercede but was at first unsuccessful. Some say he himself was knocked down and his stick taken. He rallied, however, and with the assistance of some other gentlemen and the constables the fight was stopped and three or four of the ringleaders were sent off to Bridewell. NYEP, July 6, 1805
1805 Pennsylvania Philadelphia November: Philadelphia cordwainers strike, 1805; scabs were beaten and employers intimidated by demonstrations in front of the shop or by breaking shop windows. Other than this, Suposs claims strikes before 1827 were conducted peacefully. Suposs in Commons, et. Al.History of Labour in the USI, p.126
1806 Massachusetts Boston August: Thomas O. Selfridge (lawyer Federalist), in the course of a feud with Benjamin Austin (Republican), became involved in insults and an altercation with Austin on August 4, 1806, which ended by Selfridge's killing Austin. Selfridge defended his action successfully and was acquitted on the ground of self-defense. Yet the people of Boston were greatly aroused and was hard pressed "to elude the fury of democracy," for "thre fiends of anarchy, night after night, have prompted the perpetration of the most wanton outrages against the liberty, security, and the legitimate rights of man!" D.B.Danis.Homicide…, p.267 Thomas O. Selfridge Benjamin Austin
1806 New York NYC January: Thomas Rogers, a 9th ward innkeeper, had his inn broken into and busted up by six or seven rowdies, one of whom was charged with riot. NYC General Sessions, February 7, 1806 Thomas Rogers
1806 Louisiana New Orleans May: Rivermen involved in a disturbance beat off the city's peace officers the garde de ville. This type of confrontation occurred frequently. Auburn.The French Quarter, p.95-96
1806 New York NYC May: General Stevens collected a number of sailors before his door, intending to march them to the poll of the 7th wd with his drums and colors. The mayor heard of his plans and hastened to the scene to avoid or quell a possible riot. The mayor prevented some more sailors joining Stevens' party. The mayor then met with Judge Pendleton, Col. Mansfield, and two or three gentlemen who all agreed that the peace of the city must be maintained. The sailors did not make their intended march and were dispersed. NYAmerican Gazette, May 1, 1807 Stevens Pendleton; Mansfield
1806 New York NYC May: at least ten men, believed to be highbinders, were charged with riot and asasult on James Doran. They further threatened to tear down Duran's house and take his life. One man was convicted. NY General Sessions, May 30, 1806 (O+T) James Doran
1806 New York NYC April: After the Leander incident mobs roamed the streets, a British flag was burned, and consul Baclay feared for a time that his house would be burned and he himself seized as a hostage. British officers on shore actually were arrested but subsequently secretly released by city authorities. Perkins.Prologue to War, p.107 Baclay
1806 New York NYC April: After Leander incident "volunteers" took a boat, intercepted supplies destined for the British ships at sea and distributed them to the city's poor. Public meetings were also held. Stokes.Iconography…V, p.1445-1446
1806 Massachusetts Boston June: Nine young gentlemen were arrested and fined for firing their weapons in the street after being dismissed from the militia muster. NYEP, June 27, 1806 fromBoston Gazette
1806 New York NYC August: When a marshall of the city attempted to part two fighting men, the crowd attacked him and those who were helping him. Four men were charged with riot and assault as a result. NYC General Sessions, October 10, 1806
1806 New York NYC August: Nine men, with others, rioted and assaulted John Cramdell. As Doran was attacked earlier that year by some men then identified as Highbinders it is likely, since some of these are the same names, that this too is a Highbinder disturbance. NYC General Sessions, August 11, 1806 John Cramdell
1806 New York NYC August: At least three men rioted and assaulted Andrew Debow. Little info. Result: acquitted. NYC General Sessions, October 10, 1806 Andrew Debow
1806 Pennsylvania Philadelphia October: A fracas occurred between the crew of a French frigate and a party of American sailors in Southwark at night. NYEP, October 21, 1806
1806 New York NYC December: Highbinders riot and Irish riot on Augustus street. Highbinders had a record of attacking whore houses and committing other disorderly acts. They had congregated on the night of the 24th to disrupt possible Catholic services at the B.C. Church at Barclay St. No real trouble occurred except abusing of watchmen. Following night the Irish gathered to protect their religion. The watch attempted to break up the Irish crowd and riot and battle ensued. De Witt Clinton gov. offered reward for ringleader and murderer of watchmen. Matteson MSS - Box 3 and notecards; NYEvening Post, December 26, 1806
1806 New York NYC December: A riot occurred Christmas night in Augustus street. Two watchmen were killed and two companies of militia were ordered out to restore order. Stokes.Iconography…V, p.1452;Connecticut Courant, December 31, 1806
1807 Virginia Norfolk June: Mob at norfolk reacted furiously to the casualties on the Chesapeake and destroyed the water casks of the British squadron. H. Adams.History of the USIV, p.27
1807 South Carolina Charleston January: Anti-British riot: The day after the captain of the British ship Craydon fired upon a mutining crew, having wounded two, seamen in harbor got riotous and threatened outrages on the British vessels in port. The Craydon had already put out to sea, and the governor had to call out a very strong militia force to preserve the peace. Matteson MS Notecards
1807 New York NYC March: Trustors of African American church complain their church being disturbed by boys and want watchmen to protect them. MCC, 4, p.389
1807 Massachusetts Cambridge March: Harvard rebellion, rotten cabbage rebellion led to mass meetings, marching in and out of the Commons without eating but Novak believes generational tension real cause. Novak.Rights of Youth, p.23,26-30; Morrison.Three Centuries of Harvard, p.211,212;Thomas Amory.Life of James Sullivan, p.214,215
1807 New Jersey Princeton March: Student riot - students petitioned for reinstatement of suspended peers and an apology - At chapel invidual recounting demanded by faculty - students caused an uproar, stormed out of chapel, occupied Nassau Hall., set up barricades and beat off the militia's attempt to dislodge them. Having suspended the majority of the student body, the President closed the school despite setting up of a revolutionary committee, the administration ultimately won. Novak,Rights of Youth, p.23, 31-37, 119-123
1807 New York NYC April: Trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church complain "of the interruption of their service on Sundays by disorderly persons" and request a watchmen to protect them. MCC4: p.396, 407
1807 Ohio Cincinnati May: Gov. Kirker, on the entreaties of a woman, pardoned a man sentenced to be whipped for robbing general Findley, receiver of public monies. The crowd which had gathered to witness the punishment became outraged, made an effigy of the governor, placed it on the pillory, gave it ten lashes, and then burnt it amid acclamations American RegisterI, (1807) p.31
1807 Virginia Haufton, Va June: After the Chesapeake affair a mob destroyed the water casks belonging to British frigate Melanfries. Mattesson MSS notecards;Collection of Virginia St. PapersIX, p.5-20
1807 New York NYC July: In the aftermath of the Chesapeake affair, Augustus Foster, British Secretary of Legation decided to travel incognito and trusted his horses to the separate care of his groom. This proved to be a wise decision when only the presence "of a somewhat timid soul" counseling moderation prevented the curricle and horses from being thrown into the Norte River. Foster commented that the ringleader on this occasion, as might be expected, an Irish emigrant. Horseman.Causes…, p.103 Augustus Foster
1807 South Carolina Charleston July: Acts of violence and disorder triggered by party feeling became so frequent that the intedent (mayor) John Dawson, Jr., issued an address advising and admonishing disturbers of the peace to remain within the bounds of law. American RegisterII, (1808) "Chronicle" p.291
1807 Virginia Hampton, Va July: Two hundred casks of water were destroyed aboard a schooner ready to take them to the British squadron anchored in Lynnhaven Bay. This infuriated Commander Douglas and rumors ran wild of possible British invasion. Vice-admiral Berkely complained to Erskine urging restoration of the casks or punishment of the aggressors. Malone.Jefferson…V, p.422 Douglas
1807 Pennsylvania Philadelphia July: On hearing the rumor that a British vessel was landed at the wharf with military supplies a number of citizens assembled on the evening of the 2nd, boarded the vessel lying off South street wharf. They then unshipped the Audder, carried it to Chestnut street and laid it down in the street opposite the house of the British council. NYEP, July 6, 1807
1807 South Carolina Charleston July: An imprudent young man, intending to ridicule the public mourning for the seaman killed aboard the Chesapeake, tied a piece of crepe to the leg of his dog and sent him int othe street. The following morning some "spirited Americans" seized the offender and dragged him through the streets as an example to the world that those not with America are against her. NYEP, July 24, 1807
1807 Maryland Baltimore August: Some Frenchmen, in an armed boat fitted out in Baltimore, boarded and captured the ship Othello from Liverpool. Contrary winds forced them to abandon their prize to the captain. Some militia set out to capture these "pirates" but questions over jurisdiction in the case prevented prosecution. Subsequently an act of the assembly provided a law to cover this situation. T.W. Griffith.Annals of Baltimore, p.180-187
1807 Pennsylvania Beaver Co., Penn September: A deputy sheriff and company were fired upon when on their way to serve writ for a land company. One of the D.S. companions was killed. A few days later Nathaniel Aitkens, a local youngman, was arrested for murder. But on Oct. 3 eight or nine men freed him. Aitken had been identified by a servant girl of James Fowler. At the rescue a note was left advising Fowler to send the girl away or risk life and property. The note was signed "Tom the Tinker". Matteson MS - Box 3;American Register II, p.312, 324 Nathaniel Aitkens James Fowler
1807 Maryland Baltimore September: In the Baltimore riots a large body of law officers suffered a severe defeat. Ketchum. "Municipal Police Reform…," p.46-47
1807 Pennsylvania Beaver Co., Penn September: Deputy Marshal and small posse attacked by several men - the D.M. was on his way to evict settler William Faulk. In the ambush, one of the posse was instantly killed. Henderson. "Northwestern Lands," Penn Mag (1936) p.156 William Faulk
1807 Maryland Baltimore October: Crowds threaten to attack some of Burr's consul, Luther Martin. Baptiste Irving, editor and Samuel D. Growd, grocer worth $2,157 in 1815 later charged with instigating riot. Steffen, "Between Revolutions," p.191 Baptiste Irving; Samuel D. Growd Luther Martin
1807 New York NYC October: Four men and six or more others busted into Mary Nothburn's house and assaulted her and her gentlemen visiter. They upset furniture, broke windows, and threw butter all over the place. They styled themselves Highbinder. This occurred on Little Water street. NYC General Sessions, November 5, 1807
1807 New York NYC November: Samuel Stillwell, on behalf of the cities' Methodists, petitioned Mayor Willett in regard to violence and insults committed by rowdies and crowds on Sunday against Methodist churches. Stokes.IconographyV, p.1474 Samuel Stillwell
1807 Maryland Baltimore November: After the acquittal of Aaron Burr of treason the people of Baltimore paraded through the streets with the effigy of Chief Justice Martin, then a resident of the city, and one of the counsel of Burr and Blennerhasset. Afterwards they burned the effigy. Scharf.History of Baltimore, p.781 Luther Martin; Aaron Burr; Blennerhasset
1807 Maryland Baltimore November: Soon after the acquittal of Aaron Burr "the populace paraded the streets with the effigies of the Chief Justice, Luther Martin, one of the counsel, Burr and Blennerhasset, which they afterwards commit to the flames, as an evidence of their dissatisfaction with the issue of the trials." T.W. Griffith.Annals of Baltimore, p.187 Luther Martin; Aaron Burr; Blennerhasset
1808 Maine Kennebec Co., Me January: Opposition to the execution of writs of ejectment against squatters became so intense along the Eastern line of the Plymouth grant that troops had to be alerted. Indian disguises were used and officers spied upon. A deputy sheriff had a horse shot out from under him and was himself wounded. In May another sheriff was whipped. NYEP, February 4, 1808
1808 New York NYC January: Meeting of sailors demanded special provisions should be taken to provide for them during the winter being that they were unemployed because of the embargo. Mayor Willet apparently talked to them and persuaded them to disband quietly on the promise that measures would be discussed in the community council. Stokes.IconographyV, p.1483
1808 Pennsylvania Philadelphia January: Discontented, hungry, and penniless sailors assembled and marched to the City Hall, under the folds of stars and stripes. They appealled to Robert Whorton, the mayor, as to what they should do with the Embargo blocking their employment. Wharton told them that they "constituted an unlawful assembly" and orered them to lower the flag under which they had marched through the streets. They did this and Wharton express his pity for their condition, but that it was not in his power to give them immediate aid and that the government thought the embargo was necessary. He did promise that the Chamber of Commerce had the matter under consideration. The sailors appear to have dispersed peacefully. Scharf and Wescott,History of PhiladelphiaI, p.530 Robert Whorton
1808 Maryland Baltimore February: Seamen met and petitioned for relief because of the embargo. The mayor addressed them - said he himself knows how useful sailors are to society because he used to own ships. Some sort of assistance was vaguely promised. NYEP, February 8, 1808
1808 New York NYC February: A cartman was harassed in his work by other cartmen and a mob of people. S.E.PC - BX7432 1
1808 Maine Augusta Me March: Embargo problems. A letter dated March 19 referred o the burning of the gaol and a large tavern and the attempt to fire the courthouse the evening of the 16th. It said "The turbulence of the people in this quarter is a great measure ungendered by the distressing effects of the Embargo; idleness and poverty inducing to disorder." Jennings. "American Embargo," p.101-102
1808 Massachusetts Boston May: Reportedly a man named James Clark was killed by the Jefferson and Embargo mob. Columbian Centinel, May 4, 1808
1808 Vermont Vermont May: Embargo smuggling and troubles covered. NYEP, May 16 - 17, 23, 1808
1808 New York NY July: Jefferson hung in effigy. NYEP, July 25, 1808 Jefferson
1808 Vermont Vermont August: Lake Champlain smugglers in Vermont were considered in virtual rebellion. 30 men attacked militia guarding potash and successfully drove them off at Alburg, Vermont. Mattesson MS, Box 3; AlbanyRegister, August 5, 1808
1808 Louisiana New Orleans August: For three or four nights American and Spanish sailors were engaged in street brawls. When the city patrol was ordered out to suppress this, things got worse, as the patrol contributed to the disorder. Ketcham. "Municipal Police Reform…," p.48
1808 Vermont Lake Champlain August: Black Snake affair - battle on Lake Champlain against smugglers saw one private killed from shore at Burlington, Vt. Matteson MS; AlbanyRegister, August 12, 1808
1808 Massachusetts Newburyport August: When attempted escape of sloop was forstalled by a US schooner, resentment was so great that between 600 and 700 people assembled, rescued the sloop and schooner was saved from destruction only with some effort. On 1st conflict officers were beaten with sticks and fired upon. ColumbianCentinel, August 27, 1808
1808 New York Sackett Harbor September: Prolonged fracas between smugglers and military - including a pitched battle. Lieutenant Asa Wells seized a small field piece he alleged had been used against him. A warrant was issued for his arrest and crowd threatened to assist the authorities in executing it - no confrontation occurred as case dragged along. Matteson MS Box 3; AlbanyRegister, September 23, 1808 Asa Wells
1808 New York NYC September: Methodists were frequently harassed on their way to and from church as well as at their services. On the night of the 11th Moses Flannagan with at least ten others again did so. This in the 10th ward. Flannagan was convicted. NYC General Sessions, October 8, 1808 Moses Flannagan
1808 New York NYC September: Republican meeting at Martling taven. Clintonians hoped to disrupt a Martling meeting, threatened to destroy the tavern, managed to get into the room which was full of Madisonians. Shouting match resulted and much hubbub. Mushkat. (??)
1808 New York NYC September: The Trustees of the African Methodist church complain of riots at their place of worship and against Duncan McDonald, a watchman, for neglect of duty. MCC5: 272, 278
1808 Mississippi Nauches September: A number of men bound and abused a "savage," almost within sight of the court house in Wilkson Co., with several suits pending in court, and farry (??) the testimony of a witness these men seized the witness, pulled him from his horse, tied him to stakes, whipped him unmercifully, and cut off both his ears. N.Y. Spectator, November 5, 1808
1808 New York NYC October: At least six men, some Irish and African American, gathered together, rioted and assaulted William Kinkaid in 1st ward. Little info. Three were convicted. NYC General Sessions, December 10, 1808 William Kinkaid
1808 Maryland Baltimore October: Gin which had paid duty in England under the orders of Council was voluntarily, on fear of the public reaction, turned over to the citizens of Baltimore to be publicly burned. A great procession and demonstration ensued including a parade and public burning, all very organized. Scharf.History of Baltimore, p.781-782
1808 Maryland Baltimore October: Massive public parade and meeting with "monster processions" ends in organized destruction of 720 gallons of Geneva Gin which had paid duty in England according to Orders in Council. It might also have served as a victory celebration for Mayor Johnson. Scharf.History of Balto., p.781-782
1808 New York Utica October: An ensign who seized some goods was charged with riot, along with his men, because he failed to follow the proper procedures. Matteson MS - Box 3;N.Y. Commercial Advertisor, October 17, 1808
1808 Maine Niagara River October: Armed force of fifteen or 20 men came from Canada to Lewiston, broke open warehouse full of goods deposited by customs collector, bow and the sentinel and carried off the goods. Next day the goods were on the wharf at Lewiston. (Troy)Farmer's Register, November 8, 1808
1808 Maryland Baltimore October: English shoemaker named Beattie was tarred and feathered, rode in a cart from the corner of South and Baltimore streets to Fell's Point and back again, followed by the mayor and a number of citizens who attempted to rescue him. Beattie had used some offensive expressions concerning the US. Several of the rioters were arrested, tried, and convicted - fined and imprisoned. But they were pardoned by the governor and the fines were remitted. Scharf.History of Baltimore…, p.781 Beattie
1808 Maryland Baltimore October: Tar and feathers for journeyman shoemaker because of anti-American or anti-government remarks. Much political capital made of it. Disowned by Republicans. Baltimore Evening Post, October 19, 1808;Baltimore Whig, October 27, 1808
1808 Maine Maine November: Embargo problems. Schooner Peggy, from Nova Scotia, forced the release of 150 barrels of flour from five guards. Shots had been exchanged with one guard killed and two made prisoner. The other two alerted the government which soon captured the Peggy and the fourteen man crew of Americans were to be tried for murder. Some of the prisoners were freed by 20 or 30 men in disguise. ColumbianCentinel, December 3, 1808
1808 South Carolina Pendleton, SC November: Constable Richard Blackstock broke up a small scale riot. Williams cites November as a typical month and lists (??) activity which included this list Williams.Vogues in Villainy, p.68
1808 New York NYC November: While seizing Louis de Nicoth for dest, Dusenbury, the deputy sheriff busted into Nicoth's house at night at the head of a posse, violently seized Nicoth and his property and behaved in a very riotous fashion. Nicoth pressed for a charge of riot, but did not get it. NYC General Sessions, February 13, 1809 Louis de Nicoth
1808 Maine Castine, Me December: A number of women effected the release of several prisoners. Paulson's American Daily Advertiser, December 30, 1808
1809 Pennsylvania Philadelphia January: Democrats held several meetings in support of tea embargo. The one held Jan 23, which triggered the Federalist meeting of Jan 31, was largely peaceful. Once the Federalists had retired from that latter meeting the Democrats called another meeting of their own condemning the Federalist resolutions. Mayor Col. John Barker denounced the Federalist leadership especially Timothy Pickering. A large parade of several thousand was then formed and marched through the principle streets. A week later Pickering was hung in effigy in front of the town hall, in 2nd street, northern liberties. Barker is reported as having led the proceedings. The United States Gazette published a vicious attack on Barker and his connection with the mob quoted in a footnote. Scharf and Wescott.History of Philadelphia, p.538-539 Timothy Pickering
1809 Rhode Island Providence January: Despite call for militia at 9:00pm some 200 to 300 men took possession of a recently seized sloop (Embargo enforcement), cut a passage through the ice for a mile, hung her rudder and sent her to sea. But the sloop ran aground, was captured and sent to Newport. ColumbianCentinel, Jan. 25, 28, 1809
1809 Massachusetts Gloucester January: Schooner Dover seized by James Aker of gunboat 57 for not having unloaded according to requirement of last embargo act. Citizens interfered and retook the vessel. Discharged the cargo. Matteson MS - Box 3, ColumbianCentinel, February 4, 1809 James Aker
1809 Pennsylvania Philadelphia January: Federalist meeting at the statehouse yard in opposition to the embargo was aided by the strong armed tactics of many sailors. A series of resolutions was passed and a committee formed to draft a memorial to congress (member: Thomas Tranton, Thomas Fitzsimmons, George Clymer, Timothy Paxton, Joshua Humphrey, Robert Watts, Benjamin R. Morgan, James Milnor, Charles Hare). Among those present at the meeting: Commander Richard Dale, Col. James Read, Gen. Frances Gurney, Capt. John Dunlap, Samuel Wheeler, and Moses Lenny. An attempt by several hundred democrats with beating drums and colors flying to disrupt the meeting and get possession of the stage was driven off by the sailors. After the meeting the sailors paraded with Tranton through town. Democratic papers claimed the sailors were hired as conducted themselves in the style of British elections, where the minority try to put down popular rights. Scharf and Wescott.History of Philadelphia, p.538-539
1809 Maine York, Me February: When eleven revenue officers seized a brig, belonging to William Boyd, as a suspicious vessel, they soon found themselves arrested and charged with riot. Those arrested included David Barker, Inspector of the Port, Captain Bean, and nine of his men. They were bound $50 to appear in trial. NYEP, March 15, 1809 David Barker; Bean William Boyd
1809 New York NYC March: A sailor, between 10 and 11 o'clock at night, climbed the liberty pole in front of Martlings. He hung a pair of Red britches stuffed with straw from the top and one his way down greased the pole. He did this to celebrate Jefferson's leaving the presidency. Unfrotunately, when he got back down he was met by a number (??) and men who gave him some rough treatment. NYEP, March 4, 1809
1809 Georgia Savanah March: Riot between sailors and US troops. Civil authorities interfered aided by volunteers. Several rioters wounded. Some 40 jailed. No cause assigned. Matteson MS - Notecards
1809 Maryland Baltimore February: Three sleighs full of Fell's Pointers pulled up in front of the (??) office, made some hubbub, and apparently threatened to destroy the office. But no action was taken. NYEP, February 4, 1809
1809 New York NYC February: Eighteen black people, both male and female tried for riot. It really appears that they were just very rowdy and disrespectful. All, except for one who was never tried, was convicted. NYC General Sessions, February 9, 1809
1809 Pennsylvania Philadelphia March: "Fort Rittenhouse" affair - end of Olmstead case. The governor had placed a militia guard around Mrs. Sergeant and Mrs. Waters to prevent the serving of a Federal writ. This guard was subject to much mob taunting and on the 20th a near riot erupted when one of the mob insulting the guards was insulted by a bayonet. Higginbotham.Keystone in the Dem Arch, p.196-198 Sergeant; Waters
1809 New York NYC March: "The Church of Christ" in the 8th ward was harassed by a large crowd who thre stones and balls made of bow and turpentine. SC -cases 7432
1809 New York Albany Co., NY June: Federalist burnt, or blew up an effigy on Boyd's island. Columbian, July 20, 1810
1809 New York NYC September: John Edward's religious group was bothered by a crowd in the 8th ward. SCPC - Cases 7432 John Edward
1809 Maine Hallowell and Augusta, Me October: Attempts to rescue several squatters charged with murder were met with armed resistance by military. 400 regular troops were ordered to the area. NYEP. October 12, 1809
1809 New York NYC October: Printers walk out on a few unyielding employers after a general agreement had been made. Rock.Artisans, p.273
1809 New York NYC December: Lozici, a marshal, was charged with rioting and disturbing Amos Broad's makeshift Baptist Society church on corner of Anthony and Handson streets. NYC General Sessions, Feb 10, 1810 Lozici Amos Broad
1810 New York NYC April: Four men named, with others in 5th ward rioted and attacked Elizabeth Brown. Not much info. NYC General Sessions, April 13, 1810 Elizabeth Brown
1810 New York NYC February: Amos Broad again being harassed. Accuses Peter Von Zandt, scion of a wealthy family with others for disturbing his services. Result: NG. NYC General Sessions, April 13, 1810 Peter Von Zandt Amos Broad
1810 New York NYC February: Religious meeting - corner of Hudson and Anthony street, harassed by a disorderly crowd. SC PC - cases 7432 4
1810 New York NYC February: Amos Broad's service was disrupted by a number of persons who created a riot in and about the church. SC PC cases 7432 5 Amos Broad
1810 New York NYC February: Miln Parker, harassed Amos Broad's Baptist church - stamping his feet, laughing and disturbing the congregation. SC PC - cases 7432 12 Miln Parker Amos Broad
1810 New York NYC March: Amos Broad is on Rose street. He was harassed by Bloodgood and five others. This time he got a conviction. NYC General Sessions, April 13, 1810 Bloodgood Amos Broad
1810 New York NYC April: Henry Diedrick with five or more others rioted and disturbed a church in the 4th ward. NYC General Sessions, June 15, 1810 Henry Diedrick
1810 New York NYC April: About 1:00am a number of person riotously broke into (??) house, creating a disturbance. SC PC - cases 7432 6
1810 New York NYC April: Broad's church harassed during the evening service. A number of young people's entered the church, put out the candles, carried away the candlesticks, broke the pews, the door, and disturbed Broad and et.al. SC PC cases - 7432 9 Amos Broad
1810 New York NYC April: About 4000 democrats, chiefly drunk, marched around, and broke windows in houses and offices of prominent Fed - Rep. Had lighted torches and kettle drum. Feds had won election. Mattesson - MS notecards and Box 3; ColumbianCentinel, May 2, 1810
1810 New York Albany Co., NY May: Federalist crowd of 60 or 70 harass Tinojubs at his home at night because of election results. ColumbianCentinel, May 3, 1810 Tinojubs
1810 Pennsylvania Philadelphia May: Riot against Federalist mass meeting. N.E.Palladium, May 4, 1810
1810 New York NYC May: A large disturbance at Broad's church. The Marshals were there at the order of the mayor in anticipation of the riot and several arrests were made. As many people were throwing squibs - quantities of gun powder enclosed in paper - at the church etc. SC PC - cases 7432 7 Amos Broad
1810 New York NYC June: Federalists celebrating king's birthday disrupt a theater. After being thrown out they scuffled with the watch. ColumbianCentinel, June 7 and 8, 1810
1810 New York NYC June: Carpenters and masons walked out seeking a salary of 12 shillings a day. Angry carpenters broke the windows of an unsympathetic (??) Rock.Artisans, p.278
1810 New York NYC June: Journeymen carpenters standing out for higher wages. This was opposed by the business community. The strike began May 16. N.Y. Rep. Watchtower, June 3, 1810
1810 New York NYC July: Revivalists' meetings in the park were seen as "disorderly assemblies" and the Common Council passed a law otlawing them on July 2, 1810. Stokes.Iconography…V, p.1522
1810 Maryland Baltimore July: Washington Society celebration interrupted by Republicans during Harper speech - riot ensued. Renzulli - fn. P.253
1810 New York NYC July: The watchmen discovered the night of the 17th a collection of rowdy African Americans quarreling, fighting, cursing and swearing at each other. SC PC - cases 7432 8
1810 New York Albany August: Mr. Jackson, the English Ambassador, was harassed by a mob on his way to visit Canada. On his return trip (in Aug) the town magistrates apologized to him. His effigy was burnt. NYEP, Aug 7, 1810; ColumbianCentinel, July 20, 1810 Jackson
1810 New York NYC August: Death of Lt. Gov. presented occasion for a new election in an already highly charged political atmosphere. The Federalists had made some recent gains in the city and the Republicans were splitting between the so called "Martling Men" and the supporters of Clinton. Each of these groups nominated their own candidate. The Clintonian meeting held at the Union Hotel was busted up by Martling Men wh orushed in upon them. In the city the Federalist candidated garnered the most voted. Clinton was third. Stokes.Iconography…III, p.491-492
1810 Ohio Warren Co., Ohio September: The Shaker community at Turtle Creek was harassed by upwards of a thousand persons from Warren and Butler counties. Their number included several milita companies and many private citizens. They had collected there to compel the Shakers to deliver up the grandchildren of Col. James Smith of Kentucky. The children, it was said, were being held there by force. A conference was held in which the Shakers declared that the children were with their father at Lebanon Jail. Not finding anyone desirous of leaving the multitude dispersed. However, they had warned the Shakers that if their secret were not broken up by the 1st of Nov, next they would receive another visit. No property and persons were damaged. NYEPSeptember 12, 1810
1810 Maine Hallowell, Me August: A number of men in disguise seized David S[…]wall, a proprietor, at his farm. They dragged him out of his house, his clothes torn off and himself badly bruised, carrying him two miles away. NYEP, September 22, 1810 David S. Wall
1810 New York NYC October: Fauron, a Bloomingdale Innkeeper, had his tavern forcefully entered and his customers harassed by a number of rioters. SC PC - cases 7432 10 Fauron
1810 New York NYC October: Amos Broad is again disturbed in his ministry. This time by Betty, an ex-slave of his. Her actions incited farther mob action such as throwing of stones at window, etc. Result: guilty NYC General Sessions, October 15, 1810 Amos Broad
1810 Louisiana New Orleans December: A constable came aboard a NY ship and demanded with a warranted written in French the custody of one crew member - a black man. The captain refused and insisted that the constable get an English warrant. This the constable refused to do. The constable even went and got a written note from the mayor saying that the warrant was valid. Still, the captain remaind steadfast and while he went himself to discuss the issue with the mayor the constable at the head of nine or ten of the city guard and with sabres drawn, attempted to board the vessel. This was opposed by the sailors who armed with handspikes drove them off. The captain arrived to help quell the disturbance. One sailor was dangerously wounded, while several of the guard were hurt. NY Gazette, January 24, 1811
1811 Georgia Savannah November: Savannah mob of sailors, spurred by merchants, set the torch to La Franchise and La Vengeance after repeated gun and knife battle which took one American and seven or eight French lives. Browt.MadisonV, p.376
1811 Georgia Savannah November: "a riot took place between French privateers or English sailors; several men on both sides were killed. The privateers were burned and Seurier complained in language such as Napolean might be supposed to expect from his minister in regard to a violent onfragcot the French flag." It was something of a diplomatic incident and Madison knew about it. H Adams.History…VI, p.186-187
1811 New York NYC February: Butcher's riot attacking Thomas Rogers House, (??) People v Henry (??), April 9, 1811, NYC GS Thomas Rogers
1811 New York NYC February: Thomas Rogers, 6 mile stone innkeeper attacked by a sleighing party of at least 4 men from 9 ward. People vs. John Barker, April 10, 1811 NYCGS Thomas Rogers
1811 Louisiana St. Helena, La February: Resistance to US government persisted in this distrcit. When Sm. Baldwin, formerly a (??) in the Marines, ordered a man run through the body, while Baldwin was trying to execute gov't orders, the population seized Baldwin, tied his neck and legs and threatened to carry him to Baton Rouge or Mobile - Baldwin was leader of the conventionalists. NYEP, March 26, 1811 Sm. Baldwin
1811 North Carolina Nixonton, NC March: A vessel had been seized for debt and sold at auction. The original owner, with a party of men carried the vessel off. They were pursued by one of the purchasers with his adherence. One refusing to surrender the schooner a conflict ensued in which one man on the schooner was killed, several wounded. The boat was recaptured and the runawaywas lodged in Elizabeth City jail. Powell, a desperado, led the runaways,(??) NYEP, March 18, 1811 Powell
1811 Rhode Island Providence April: Brown - two students were denounced as informers and threatened with tar and feathers. Novak.Rights of Youth, p.30
1811 New York NYC May: Martha Needham, at the head of a mob of at least 80 persons, freed James Johnson who had just been recruited and paid a bounty, in the US Navy. This occurred on the wharf at the foot of E. George street. NYC General Sessions, May 13, 1811 Martha Needham; James Johnson
1811 Pennsylvania Philadelphia June: French captain of a privateer stoned during heat of French activity against American shipping. Browt.Madison…V, p.315
1811 New York NYC June: Another mob attacked, threatened, abused a dog catcher. Saying he ought to be hung. The dogs were let loose. NYC General Sessions, June 11, 1811
1811 New York NYC June: A mob collected and attacked two dog catchers as they prepared to liquidate their day's haul at Old Potter field. The dogs were released, the dog catchers were stoned and threatened to throw them in the hole dug for the dead dogs. The mob damned the new dog ordinance and the magistrates reponsible for it as well as the dog catchers. NYC General Sessions, Jun 11, 1811
1811 New York NYC July: The Watch was called out to suppress a riot. 15 to 18 watchmen showed and a crowd of 50 to 100 was there. They were mostly spectators. No violence was committed, but when ordered to disperse William Smith refused and hit Captain White of the Watch. Convicted of A+B. Minutes of cases…Court of Session, NYC, 1811 White
1811 New York NYC August: Large crowds, up to 2,000, gathered at No. 142 chapel Street. It was generally believed a murder had taken place there. The occupants refused to open their doors and with their suspicions increased a number of persons, armed with spades and shovels, completely dug up the yard in a vain search for a body. By this time the police Justices were alarmed at the size of the crowd and themselves searched the house. Reporting that nothing was found despite their search, from cellar to garret the crowd dispersed. The suspicions originally arosebecause of a prank delivery of a coffin to that address. When Kathy Butler refused delivery of a coffin to that address, the carriers left it in the yard temporarily and covered it up because of the rain. The practical joker was placed in prison because of debt - he had to pay for the coffin. NYEP, August 9, 1811 Kathy Butler
1811 New York Columbia Unviersity August: Riot caused by John B. Stevenson's refusal to alter his graduation address as his professors suggested. After delivering his oration he was denied his diploma (he had been warned). He mounted the platform and demanded it in the name of the "Trustees" and explained to the audience his story. An uproar ensued - hissing, shouting and clapping for nearly an hour and the ceremony was never completed as the professors left Trinity church. Stevenson and eight others were brought before the court of General Session for riot. Maxwell and (??) two of Stevenson's associates, became intolerant enemies of Mayor De Witt Clinton as a result. Ver (??) under the(??) Stokes.Iconography…III, p.490
1811 South Carolina Charleston September: After a quarrel with William Chambers, grocer, several French and Spanish sailors were forced to retreat Sunday night. The next day, however, they returned armed with knives and clubs, and reinforced its members with more members of the crew of the French privateer La Vegeance. In the ensuing affray, Williams was murdered and several others wounded. Four of the privateers were arrested while a fifth Jon Chocolate, believed to be the murderer, was picked up the next day. One American sea captain was also severely wounded. NYEP, September 16, 1811 William Chambers
1811 Georgia Savannah, Ga November: Riot between American and French seamen. Burning of French privateers, militia called out, but abandoned vessel rather than fire on their own countrymen. Matteson - MS - notecards + Box 3
1811 New York NYC December: A "gang of abominable wicked boys" were noted as parading "the streets, cursing, misbehaving, and harassing passers-bye." If anyone said anything to them they would attack him. One night before Dec. 6 such a scuffle erupted into more of a battle as the watch attempted to interfere. All of the boys escaped. N.Y.Gazette, Dec. 6, 1811
1811 New York NYC December: Bar room rowdies wreck Abagail Moore's place on George street. They were headed by an off-duty watchman. It was settled out of court. NYC General Sessions, January 12, 1812 Abagail Moore
1811 New York NYC December: In the evening there was some sort of confrontation as a gang of young gentlemen harassed a black man in front of St. Paul's on Broadway. When another black man came to his rescue the young gentlemen relented. This gave birth to a brief newspaper debate as to who was in the wrong. N.Y.Gazette, December 10,11,13, 1811
1811 South Carolina Charleston December: An attempt was made to burn the privateer brig Dilligent, but on the representation of the French consul the mayor caused the ringleader to be apprehended and jailed. NYEP, December 16, 1811
1812 Maryland Baltimore June: Baltimore Riot (June and July) Mattesson MS - notecards; Niles II, p.373-405, III, 353-387-479
1812 Pennsylvania Philadelphia January: Several ships were detained by the ice at (??) Point. Two females from the city were going to visit a Portuguese or Spanish ship lying outside the schooner Liberty. While crossing the Liberty's deck they were ordered not to pass that way - these orders were followed by an order to paint their faces. One sailor did this using a tar brush. Seeing this the foreigners streamed aboard, a fight followed in which several men were injured. NYEP, January 13, 1812
1812 Louisiana Baton Rouge February: A number of Frenchmen were dissatisfied with a ruling of the court. They collected together and went to the courthouse in search of the judge. Not finding him there they dispersed at the urging of Mr. Baldwin who had his office in the courthouse. The next day the rioters returned. Again the Judge was not to be found. This time they vented their anger upon Baldwin, seized the Ct. house, and armed themselves with the cache of weapons stored there. The Sheriff couldn't dislodge them until he got some military assistance. However, no blood was spilt. NYEP, March 5, 1812
1812 Maryland Annapolis April: Three English seamen jumped ship. Officer and armed men pursued but were informed by a J.P. that there was no authority by which they could recapture the deserters. A party of 12 or 15 intercepted the English search party, captured it, and took it into town as "Prisoners of War." Ultimately they released them and returned their arms. One sailor of the party, despite his officer's threats and entreaties, refused to return with the landing party. Niles' Weekly Register, Apri; 4, 1812.
1812 New York NYC April: Tavern and oyster house ruffled up by rowdy men. No real reason. Just in good fun. Owner, Phoebe Roberts was given a black eye. NYC General Sessions Phoebe Roberts
1812 Massachusetts Salem April: Federalist attempts to refuse certain voters as illegible precipitated a riot which temporarily suspended the election. Mattesson MS - Box 3
1812 New York NYC April: the area of Broad and Beaver street was often the battleground between two contending gangs of boys, the Whitehall boys and the Old Slip boys. The gangs are made up of blacks and white (not sure if one gang of each). Stones are thrown, etc. On the evening of the 13th, the conflict became so heated it led to the arrest of Leonard Emmons, a black boy and leader of one of the gangs. He was convicted. NYC General Sessions, May 12, 1812
1812 New York NYC April: Two black men, carriers of "necessary tubs in the night time," were persistently harassed one evening. Eventually this led to a scuffle and a charge of riot against a shoemaker black man. No conviction was resulted. NYC General Sessions, May 11, 1812
1812 New York NYC June-August: A lot of rowdiness both before and after Clinton's charge to the Grand Jury and the ordinance against playing fife and drum at night. Many an ardent Federalist found himself unpleasantly serenaded in the evening. Guernsey.NYC During the War of 1812I, p.24-28
1812 Georgia Savannah June: Debate over the government's seizure of East Florida provoked heated debate on the 3rd among a committee intent on drawwing up public resolutions. That evening a mob gathered, seized Mr. Mitchel, the editor of the newly established Federalist paper, American Patriot, dragged him out and beat him. (??) fired at the mob hitting no one, and brandished a pair of pistols to (??) effect. The following day, rumor had it that the mob would tar and feather Judge Berrion, a Fed, but no action was taken except another threat against the American Patriot. NYEP, June 17, 1812 Mitchel; Berrion
1812 New York NYC June: Barroom rowdies again disrupt a tavern and fighting inside and after leaving throwing stones from outside. Some of the 50 or 50 (??) were tried and acquitted. NYC General Sessions, June 11, 1812
1812 North Carolina Wilmington NC June: A sailor from gunboat 166 pelted 4 young men swimming nearby. An argument followed which led to a fracas. The sailor was joined by four or five of his shipmates coming out of a house of ill fame. Several more joined in from the gun boat. The young men were rescued by a group of citizens who jailed five of the sailors. The commander of the gunboat was irate over the treatment of his men and threatened action. The citizens of Wilmington gathered together in preparation for their own "defenses." Negotiations managed by the local army commander soothed the hot tempers and further conflict was avoided. NYEP, June 20, 1812
1812 New York NYC June: A Broadway innkeeper had his inn disrupted about 10:00pm by a number of young men who chased his customers away. SC PC - cases 7433 1
1812 New York NYC June: About 30 persons rioted and attacked Thomas Case in the 10th ward. The one man indicted was acquitted. Not much other info. NYC General Sessions, July 13, 1812 Thomas Case
1812 New York NYC June: Riot - at least 50 men attacked Stephen Melo's house. NYC General Sessions, July 13, 1812 Stephen Melo
1812 New York NYC June: Aboard the US frigate Essex. When Capt. Porter asked each sailor to take loyalty oath one man, who said he was English, refused. The petty officers had the man tarred and feathered and shipped him to NYC where he was saved from a gathering crowd by a good samaritan who provided him with shelter. Guernsey.NYC During the War of 1812I, p.8-9
1812 New York NYC June: "A riotous collection of people" assembles in James St. and tried to pull down one of the houses there. The disorder is quelled by the police. NY Morning Post, July 1, 1812. The Common Council, meeting on this day, agrees to several regulations for preventing and supressing riots. MCC. On July 6, it thanked the several persons who helped to preserve "the peace of the city" on this occasion. Ibid, VII: 192. Five of the rioters were convicted and sentenced to a year's imprisonment. Columbian, August 1, 1812; Stokes.The Iconography of Manhattan IslandIII, p.491
1812 New York NYC June: John Silva attacked by at least 10 men. Silva was Portuguese. NYC General Sessions July 8, 13, 1812 John Silva
1812 Virginia Petersburgh, Va July: "A mob, headed by a Yankee, by the name of Kent, has been round to the houses in town to forbid the citizens taking Federal papers; two men have been tarred and feathered for speaking against the war." NYEP, July 18, 1812
1812 DC Georgetown July: Hanson's establishing his Federalist organ there did not go unnoticed and there were rumros that a mob would be raised here. Madison was adamant in opposing any such action and ordered troops not to participate. Bryan.Hist. of Nat. Capitol, p.584 Hanson
1812 Conneticut Litchfield, Conn July: Between 30 or 40 men, many in the garb of gentlemen, harassed and maybe even attacked 3 or 4 US army officers stationed there. N.Y. Columbian, August 21, 1812
1812 Pennsylvania Philadelphia July: A riot occurred when the jealousy of a "lust-maker" spread the word that his "brother chip" was a tory. However, the intended victim was rescued and several of the rioters arrested and bound for trial. Columbian, July 14, 1812
1812 Rhode Island Providence July: "A gang of ruffians" took a small schooner from Eddy's Point, where she was fitted out as a privateer, carried her a short distance, and scuttled and sank her. NYEP, July 31, 1812
1812 New Jersey Morristown July: Several citizens from Philly went by carriages to Morristown, where, about sunrise of the 28th they attacked and beat the printer of a paper of that town. On the alarm being given the citizens began to assemble, but the rioters took their carriages and made good their escape. NYEP, July 31,1812
1812 Massachusetts Plymouth/Boston August: Returning members of Congress who voted for war publicly harassed in NE: "Two of the Mass. Members, Seaver and Widgery, were publicly insulted and hissed on change in Boston while another Charles Turner member for the Plymouth district, and Chief-Justice of the court of Sessions for that county, was seized by a crowd on the evening of Aug. 3, on the main street of Plymouth, and kicked through the town." H. Adams.History…VI, p.400,409
1812 Massachusetts Boston August: Benjamin Austin's house, a Republican, was attacked by unknown persons by throwing stones which broke a number of squares of glass. N.Y.Columbian, August 9, 1812 Benjamin Austin
1812 Pennsylvania Norristown, Pa August: Some sort of riot for which several were convicted and sentenced to fines and imprisonment on their own confession. N.Y. Gazette, August 24, 1812
1812 Massachusetts Northfield, Ma October: Stephen Chase, representative for Northfield in the legislature, switched his support from the administration to the "peace party." As a result he found himself accosted in his house by a mob, dragged out and beaten. NYEP, October 28, 1812 Stephen Chase
1812 Pennsylvania Philadelphia October: Some sort of electoral disturbance in which local Federalist office holders - the mayor, high constable Hart and Aldermew Whartmen, were threatened. The mayor being knocked down twice. They arrested one man, put him in a tavern, but had to release him for fear of damage to the tavern. Young Federalist protected the office holders who had to be logged in the court house" to preserve them from the fury of the mob." N.Y.Gazette, October 16, 1812 Hart, Whartmen
1812 Georgia Savannah October: The brig Alpha, captained and owned by a man named Walter, was burnt for having traded with East Florida. Walter insists his trip was legal. Walter attempted to defend the vessel against the 12 to 15 active rioters, followed by about 40 supporters. He shot at them, and was himself shot. He was drive off and had to escape to Charleston. NYEP, October 31, 1812
1812 New York NYC October: Amos Broad and his church are again being mobbed by 20 or 50. The one indicted is acquitted. Thompson, the accused, was inside disturbing the ceremony while a mob raged and threatened to come in from the outside. NYC General Sessions, November 5, 1812 Amos Broad
1812 Georgia Savannah November: A collection of people destroyed a vessel loaded with supplies for St. Augustine. A meeting of citizens resolved that all who supplied provisions to those inimical to the US were detestable. One or two persons killed. Weekly Register, November 7, 1812
1812 New York NYC November: Amos Broad's church still being harassed. With the support of another witness Broad gets one conviction as he put up with 40 or 50 persons running through his church. NYC General Sessions, Dcember 18, 1812 Amos Broad
1812 New York NYC November: Broad's church was the object of an unruly crowd of men and boys in the evening. Jacob Hays was there and arrested several persons. Hays says there were a great number of boys and men. SC PC - cases 7432 3 Amos Broad
1812 Maryland Havre de Grace November: At an election, Federalist Abraham Jarrett was busy aruging with every Jeffersonian gentleman he could find. When one democrat suggested that the old man ought to be tarred and feathered, Jarrett kicked the man. A little while later a democratic mob snuck up on Jarrett, but he staunchly held his ground in front of the courthouse and with the aid of a few gentlemen friends, stared the mob down. NYEP, November 28, 1812 Abraham Jarrett
1812 New York NYC November: Catherine Lowe schoolhouse run by George Mills was disrupted early in the morning by about 12 to 14 Irishmen who broke doors, threatened etc. SC PC - cases 7432 4 George Mills
1812 New York NYC November: On two successive evening Sarah Bliss had her house ransacked by groups of rowdies. SC PC - cases 7432 10 Sarah Bliss
1812 New York Buffalo November: Troops from Baltimore, some of whom it was believed were among the Baltimore mob, argued with Pomeroy of Pomeroy's watch. Swearingto purge the town of Tories they began rioting, breaking his windows and furniture. Several other persons were attacked. It took a charge by Colonel Peter B. Porter and his men to disperse the mob. Confusion remained, however, as 300 men were ordered to stand guard duty. NYEP, December 10, 1812;N.Y. Gazette, December 10, 1812
1812 New Jersey New Jersey December: An address of the majority of the legislature was tarred and feathered. In another part of the county an effigy of the Governor was exhibited and treated with "ignomy." N.Y. Gazette, December 17, 1812
1813 New Jersey New Jersey March: NJ's Essex Patriot burned to the ground in 1813. Received and published threats: "Your damned tory paper will serve a Baltimore trick if it don't quit printing Federal lies about the Republicans. If your shop is burnt low and your ears cut off 'tis not any more than what you deserve and will get." Essex Patriot, March 9, Oct 20, 1813; Fischer, p.168-169
1813 Pennsylvania Dickinson College, Pa July: In the spring there was a case of "wanton mischief and disgraceful filthiness" involving damage to the college building. In July there was a more serious outburst when students opposed Professor Shaw's teaching of the classes. The administration took strong measures expelling some while forcing the rest to recout. Ch. Coleman Sellers.Dickinson College, p.155-157 Shaw
1813 New York NYC January: A great number of boys pursued two men from the country. On overtaking them they beat upon them. As many as 300 persons were in the throng. Two of the leaders were tried and convicted of assault. NYC General Sessions, January, 1813
1813 Virginia Norfolk February: On the night of the 5th there was a fracas between Spanish and American sailors in which the Americans got the upper hand. The following evening, Saturday, 20 or 30 Spaniards returned for revenge armed with knives. Provoking the Americans into a fight in Water street they surprised the unarmed Americans. Within a few minutes six Americans were stabbed, one dying on the spot. Soon however the guard arrived and secured the greater part of the murders rescuing them from the enraged populace. The Spaniards were taken to the prison. NYEP, February 16, 1813
1813 New York NYC February: Five or six armed soldiers marched along the sidewalk of the brewery knocking every man, woman, and child they met into the snow. When a woodcutter refused to move his wood they hit him on the head with a butt of a musket. A 70 year old butcher came rushing to the rescue but found himself in trouble as well. At that moment a sleigh full of the butcher's fellow workers came up and joined in the fray, disarming the soldiers and sending them in retreat. NYEP, February 10, 1813
1813 New York NYC February: A school and schoolteacher were attacked on Gauld or Gold street, 2nd ward, by a small mob. Father and son, involved in the riot, were convicted. Abraham Burnham was the schoolteacher. NYC General Sessions, March 3, 1813 Abraham Burnham
1813 New York Kinderhook March: 60 sailors marching from Hudson to Sackett's Harbour cut down the sign post, menaced the house and person of Mr. Deyos. Deyos had refused their officers accomodations which the sailors took as an insult. NYEP, March 19, 1813 Deyos
1813 New York NYC March: In the evening about 10 or 11 o'clock, a great riot occurred at the corner of East George and Henry street. Between 30 or 40 men, who appeared to be sailors, were there. A Spaniard by the name of Manuel Prede was beaten. SC PC cases - 7433 5 Manuel Prede
1813 New York NYC June: A mob of 30 or 40 men, said to be foreigners, rioted on Walnut street. Some had clubs, all were throwing stones. When a watchman attempted to interfere he was attacked. Some were arrested, tried and I believe convicted. NYC General Sessions, June 15, 1813
1813 New York NYC June: About 1:00 or 2:00am Abigail Brown was startled to find her Chupple street house being entered by a group of rowdies. Despite her call for the watch it took a while before they were forced to leave. SC PC - cases 7433 6 Abigail Brown
1813 New York Albany July: Philip Van Vechten had been appointed by the city corporation to give the 4th of July oration. However he was hissed from the stage by a number of rioters. The next day, the corporation passed a resolution depreciating the conduct of the rioters. NYEP, July 13, 1813 Philip Van Vechten
1813 New York NYC July: About eight or ten people collected in the forenoon in front of the Chatham street theater and beat and insulted black people and some whites. SC Police C. - cases 7433 11
1813 New York NYC July: Margaret Fisher's house on upper end Chard street was ransacked by a group of men on a Saturday evening. SC PC - cases 7433 7 Margaret Fisher
1813 Conneticut New Haven August: Riot between American and foreign seamen (Swedish and Portuguese) on the docks. Broken up by the Governor's Guard armed with loaded muskets and bayonets. At foot of Long Wharf. Seymour.Ships, Sailors, and Samaratins, p.41
1813 New York NYC September: Some French gentlemen harassed (??) Beacham, beating her and threatening to destroy her house. They also claimed that they could raise enough Frenchmen to beat the watch which she said she would call to protect her. NYC General Sessions, September 15, 1813 Beacham
1813 Pennsylvania Philadelphia November: At Northern Liberties a series of race riots occurred between blacks and whites. Reports of a white man being mortally wounded by a stone heaved by a black man and a black shooting and wounding a white with a musket exist. In retaliation, the African American meeting house on the corner of Brown and Fourth streets was attacked and stripped of its weather boards. The sheriff managed to quell the disturbance and several persons were arrested. NYEP, November 12, 1813
1813 New York NYC December: illiterate (at least he couldn't write) June Scott had his congregation harrassed by a number of persons. One of whom was identified and tried. Result uncertain. The mob kicked at the door tearing one of the staples out. NYC General Sessions, January 7, 1814 June Scott
1814 New York NYC January: 4th ward inhabitants complain of the riotous conduct of persons on the sabbath. MCC7:669
1814 South Carolina SC February: Riot of South Carolina College students against obnoxious faculty. Military called out. Matteson MS - notecards; Wm LaBorde.History of SC College, p.75-78
1814 New York NYC March: A group of rowdies went from one place to another drinking, carousing and rioting without paying any bills. SC PC 7433 11
1814 Massachusetts Boston March: Gentlemen's mob caused by seizure of contraband British goods smuggled in. Matteson Ms. Notecards; Niles. VI, p.101
1814 New York NYC April: Mutiny aboard the privateer Harrison, Captain Perry. Mutineers had temporarily the advantage - but it was suppressed. 12 or 14 of the ringleaders sent to the navy yard for court martial. Unclear if vessel was in the harbor at the time. NY Gazette, April 28, 1814 Perry
1814 New York NYC April: Complaint of "sundry Inhabitants" of the "riotous conduct of boys assembling on Sundays at the African church corner of Leonard and Church street and of the extreme late hour of the night to which the exercises in said church are continued…" MCC7:729
1814 New York NYC April: When the German Lutheran church announced that they would have one service in English as well certain people of the congregation were outraged, acted uproariously and were tried for riot. They were acquitted. Note the minister had been threatened NYC General Sessions, May 10, 1814
1814 Massachusetts Boston May: Some Spanish sailors burst into a boarding house at the North end of town in search of some Greeks who had wounded a Spaniard the night before. Making a riot and tumult in the street they seized a Greek sailor, tired his hands behind him and drove him to Charleston. When near the yard some Greeks rushed by the sentry for protection. The Spaniards knocked down the guard and were immediately seized and put in (??) by Commodore Bawbridge. 26 were arrested and charged as riotous. N.Y.Gazette, May 29, 1814
1814 Massachusetts Charleston June: A Te Deum to be sung on Sunday at the request of the city's Roman Catholics offering thanks for the release of Pope Pius VII from prison brought the threat of mob violance by a number of indignant Frenchmen. With the promise of 150 to 200 of their countrymen to support them prompt action was taken by the Intendent who ordered out a strong guard. The ringleader was arrested in the body of the church, about to begin the disruption. that night some individuals threatened to burn the schooner Bourbon, bound for NY. It's name was obnoxious to a number of persons, particularly since the vessel carried a white flag with its name emblazoned on it. During the day an attempt was made to haul down the flag, but the crew prevented that from happening. N.Y.Gazette, July 9, 1814
1814 New York NYC June: The Washington Benevolent Society celebration dinner for the defeat of Napolean was somewhat disturbed by a large crowd outside who threw stones through the windows. Constables appeared, apprehended 20 demonstrators. 8 of those were bound over for trial. Guernsey.NYC During the War of 1812II, p.103-107
1814 New York NYC July: Over 100 seamen from Stephen Decator's crew rioted. They harrassed Morris Martin, stoned his house. 40 or so were arrested. This occurred in Market street. NYC General Sessions, July 9, 1814 Morris Martin
1814 New York Troy, NY July: Democratic and Federalist celebrationalists shot at each other's standards and a general fisticuff broke out as a result. NYGeneral Advertiser, July 6, 1814
1814 North Carolina New Bern, NC August: Election riot took palce. Some sailors were imported by democrats to coerce voters and to vote themselves. Some fighting and beating occurred. At night there was a procession, a fence and outhouse torn down belonging to a leading Federalist. NYEPAugust 23, September 30, October 11, 1814
1814 New York NYC September: Joseph Douglas and Samuel Gulfridge and about 20 other men assembled near the camp at Harlem Heights and pulled down a small tent or shed belonging to Robert DeRutger. The structure fell on top of the caretaker Wm. S. ward and a number of articles were carried off. The rioters belonged to Col. De La Mater's regiment of militia stationed at Harlem Heights. SC PC cases 7433 8 Robert DeRutger
1814 New York NYC September: Many militia remained dissatisfied with army life and their provisions. Apparently, a unit on the Brooklyn side of the Narrows rioted and attacked the store of one contractor. Guernsey reprints the Adj. General's order to handle this mutinous situation. Guernsey.NYC During the War of 1812II, p.313-314
1814 New York NYC October: John P. Decateer, militia officer and gentleman led a mob of 20 soldiers or so in pulling down Samuel P. Horton's provisioning store over Horton's head. The troops also carried off a host of provisions. He was tried and convicted. NYC General Sessions, November 12, 1814 Samuel P. Horton
1814 Conneticut Stamford, Ct December: Turnpike rioters on the road between Stamford and Norwalk attempted to destroy a toll-gate. They were armed - one with a musket, two with axes, when the guard stationed on suspicion that such an attempt would be made attempted to seize from them the one with the musket fired it. He in turn was wounded by Davenport Stamford post master, with a bayonet. Another one was apprehended after a short struggle. The third got away. They were believed to have been members of a gang who had been doing this sort of thing for several years. The riot occurred at night. N.Y.Gazette, December 16, 1814
1814 New York Lima, NY December: Riot between some American troops and local citizens. Locals held a ball and excluded some Army officers - men and some women. An affray occurred at the time. But the more serious disturbance occurred when in retaliation the soldiers attacked several locals, broke down one man's door with bludgeons and chased him from his house and threatened to burn the tavern where the ball occurred. A number of citizens, some of the most respected in town, collected and supporting Mr. Morgan, an officer, attempted to subdue the soldiers (12 in number). There was some resistance and a fight with swords, clubs, etc., and a pistol was fired wounding an officer of the dragoons and one of the citizens (a soldier fired it). Several persons were wounded. N.Y.Gazette, January 19, 1815
1815 New York NYC January: Before February 13 several reports of the Treaty of Ghant were received; there was much public rejoicing. The common council thought there was too much uncontrolled celebration. They passed resolves advising against these "partial exhibitions of joy" and claimed that when official word arrived "suitable demonstration" would be arranged. In the meantime they feared the spontaneous outbursts were incompatible with the solemnity of the occasion and might produce irregularities and disorders. Stokes.IconographyV, p.1579-1580
1815 New York NYC April: Amos Broad petitions the Common Council complaining about riotous conduct at Rose street church. MCC 8:173 Amos Broad
1815 South Carolina Charleston August: On the evening of the 13th (Sunday) a fray broke out between the British ship Sisters and the British brig Higson, both lying at Chisolm's Wharf. No real reason given except that the sailors were intoxicated. No source given
1815 Louisiana New Orleans August: Sunday - an Irish sailor led his company in flogging and tar and feathering an English sailor. The Englishman had been part of a press gang in England and had destroyed the Irishmen's protection. NYEP, October 2, 1815
1815 New York NYC December: John W. Jarvis, among others, disturbed Broad's church. SC PC - cases 7434 John W. Jarvis Amos Broad
1815 New York NYC September: Martha Reed had her house attacked the night of the 11th. "A riot was set on foot and promoted by numbers of people in which the doors and window shutters were all broken to pieces save one cellar kitchen window…" Many persons threw stones. SC PC - cases 7434 Martha Reed
1815 New York NYC December: Between 50 to 100 seamen collected on Walnut street, armed with clubs and saying they were looking for Butchers or Highbinders who had beaten one of their shipmates. This at 8 o'clock at night. They also had singled the house of Mr. Davis on Walnut street as a target to be pulled down. When the watch requested that they disperse they refused and stones were thrown at the watchmen. Several so called "ringleaders" were tried. One was convicted NYC General Sessions, December 12, 1815
1816 New York NYC May: Complaint of dirty tricks at election in the 6th ward while Democrats tried to get into the polling place by the front door, other voters were allowed to enter through the back door. NYNational Advertiser, May 1, 1816
1816 New York NYC May: After the election polls had closed in the 6th ward and as the canvassers were beginning their work a large crowd collected outside the polling place and listened to the oratory of John Blair. While Blair was thus engaging his audience John Baker, an inspector of the polls "who was then returning from doing his necessary business without" approached and accosted Blair, demanding that he stop. Blair and his audience were none too pleased with this and someone, Baker says it was Blair, shouted "Hustle him!" The cry became general and passed rapidly along until at last he made a crash landing and was further abused and kicked around. Eventually he made his escape, but only by disguising himself in another's coat and going across back lots. N.Y.City-Hall Recorder, June, 1816 John Baker
1816 New York NYC May: The attempt of William and Elizabeth Edwards, both African Americans, to replace Andrew Mickle, merchant tailor, with a new tenant ended in a riot. A housing shortage, combined with it being election day, prevented the magistrates from aiding Edwards in evicting Mickle. Taking things into their own hands Mrs. Edwards with a number of African Americans broke into the Mickle apartment and began throwing furniture etc., into the street. Mickle went for the police but returned empty-handed. However, he rallied the gathered crowd, 200 or 300 behind him and counter-attacked. They beat the tenant, a Frenchman. The mayor arrived and installed the Mickles into the aprtment as the last peacable tenants. These are racial here as Mickle was probably Irish (he had shelelish (??) in his apartment). NY City Hall Recorder, June 1816
1816 New York NYC May: Laborer's strike includes forceful action to disrupt working construction gangs. Tools taken from men working. NYC GS, May 17, 1816
1816 New York NYC May: During a labourer's strike a large group of men gathered together and attempted to disrupt other construction gangs. They coerced men to join them and tried to take tools away from other workmen. Two were tried, one was convicted. NYC General Sessions, May 17, 1816
1816 New York NYC May: 7 or 8 men entered a building on James street and to prevent the men from working there one of the men took a shovel away from a laborer working there. SC PC cases 7434 1
1816 New York NYC May: Stonecutters want a raise in wages. Columbian, May 17, 1816
1816 New York NYC June: Several black men were harrassed by, apparently, some Irish men on Bowster street. A white man was also attacked. Two were arrested and tried, one convicted. NYC General Sessions, June 11, 1816
1816 New York NYC September: While attempting to stop a duel at Harlem Bridge, across the march some sailors attacked the peace officer intercepting the carriage containing the contestants. An assault and battery charge resulted against Stephen McCormick. Mayor's Court minutes, 1816-1817;N.Y. City Hall Recorder, September 1816
1816 New York NYC September: A theater disturbance resulted in the arrest of two men. SC PC - cases 7434
1816 New York NYC October: In the evening a number of butchers went on a rampage. They disrupted Wheeler's tavern and others, stopping carriages on the way, etc. SC PC cases 7434 3
1816 New York NYC November: Assault and battery charge for attacking Constable. William Griffin resisted arrest from officer Finn and was assisted by some sailors. Verbal admonishing from court. Mayors' Court, NYC minutes, 1816-1817 Finn
1816 New York NYC December: Amos Broad's church was greatly disturbed and insulted by violent outrages committed. Crowds forced their way into the house and disturbed the society and minister. SC PC cases - 7434 Amos Broad
1817 New York NYC January: Jacob Johnson, alias Stewart, harrassed Broad's rose street church. He made a nuisance of himself and gave a false report offense. SC PC - cases 7434 14 Jacob Johnson Amos Broad
1817 New York NYC January: About 10:00pm a number of men forced their way into Fred Sibert's house making a noise and disturbance. They blew out the candle and took a (??) off of the bed. SC PC - cases 7434 5 Fred Sibert
1817 New Jersey New Brunswick January: At the college of New Jersey, a serious rebellion broke out about 10 o'clock Sunday morning. The bell was rung, a tar-barrel burnt, etc. by the students. 50 of the students were suspended and all but 12 were in a state of revolt. NYEP, January 24, 1817
1817 South Carolina Charleston January: A riot between British seamen and others. Thomas Hatchman had seized a pig belonging to a British Brig. He was going to return it when a group of British seamen decided to take things into their own hands. Hatchman, who was apparently an American seaman, fired three times into British crowd, killing Wiliam Misgrove. Hatchman was subsequently acquitted. N.Y.National Advertiser, February 5, 1817 Thomas Hatchman Wiliam Misgrove
1817 New York NYC February: Amos Broad's church was ransacked by a mob. Little details. All tried were acquitted. NYC General Sessions, February 5, 1817 Amos Broad
1817 Kentucky Lexington, Ky March: At night the office of the Western Monitor was broken into and 60 or 70 pounds of type taken and scattered all over the place and street. The sign was pulled down and windows broken. A newspaper article says this is similar to the actions against Hanson in the Baltimore riot N.Y.Courier, March 29, 1817
1817 New York NYC March: Members of the African Episcopal church petition the Common Council complaining of the riotous conduct at Broad's Rose Street church. MCC 9:40
1817 South Carolina Charleston March: Theatrical riot. Manager Holeman abruptly fired actor Caldwell. The actor's fans objected and on the night of the 13th a clamour arose for Caldwell the actor.Holeman, after some difficulty, told the audience that the dispute was private. This did little to quell the disturbance. When the call for Caldwell was continued Holeman declared that Caldwell would never act on stage. Caldwell was brought in, Holeman insisted the question was private. Caldwell left and the crowd went wild. The ladies left and the theater was gutted. The appearance of the city guard did little and when they were armed the crowd just got worse. About 9:30 the people retired. NYEP, March 24, 1817 Holeman
1817 New York Lansingburgh, NY March: A "stuffed Paddy" was paraded in this town, mocking the Irish and their patron saint. N.Y.Shamrock, March 29, 1817
1817 Louisiana New Orleans March: Insulted by a British brig's flying a tricolor vane, local French citizens rioted. Armed with pistols and swords they ordered the Bitish captain to take down the vane. He refused. They attacked, killing the captain and four of his crew. 100 shots were fired. The masts were cut down. Gen. Ripley ordered out his men, arrested 15 rioters. The mayor ordered them released - the captains in part threatened to tar and feather the mayor. The 1st mate and 10 or 12 seamen were also taken into custody. The British consul declared himself and the others prisoners of war and the ship a prize. The next day every English ship in port flew the tricolor vane. N.Y.National Advertiser, April 17, 1817
1817 Louisiana New Orleans March: A British and French ship lie next to one another at the levee. On the 17th a dispute arose concerning the stage leading to the levee. It was limited and settled with the British officer bound to keep the peace. Thereafter it was noticed that the British ship had a tricolor tails on its vane. This was believed to be an insult to the N.O. French community. The next morning a crowd appeared and the mayor ordered the British officer to remove the vane. He did so, but in the afternoon, with an insurance from the US Army commander that the tails was not an insult to American pride, he hung it again. A mob rapidly formed and with the mayor present, who did nothing, took over the ship, cutting down the vane, rigging, chopping the main and mizzen masts, and firing into the cabin where the captain and British consul were . More damage would have been done had a detachment of the US infantry come up. 2 or 3 rioters were arrested, other were taken later as the mob dispersed. NYEP, April 23, 1817
1817 New York NYC March: Tumultuous meeting, probably at the Towtine Coffee House to discuss paper money. It was impossible to ascertain the resolutions passed because of the loud and incessant cries of "order, division, oust him, hustle him, etc." N.Y.Gazette, March 21 and 22, 1817
1817 New York NYC March: Sarah Bliss was the object of a number of men's abuse who attempted or threatened to burn her house. The watchmen were called and they made some resistance. SC PC cases 7434 13 Sarah Bliss
1817 New York NYC March: Broad's church was harassed again. A crowd of 300 to 500 gathered, made noise, broke the few lights over the church door, etc. Eight persons were arrested. The Gazette puts the number at a 1000 and tends to blame Broad for the disturbances. SC PC - cases 7434 6; N.Y.Gazette, April 25, 1817 Amos Broad
1817 Louisiana New Orleans April: Riot starts with argument between French and English captain. National Register III, p.270, April 25, 1817
1817 Maryland St. Mary, Md April: Black crowd rioted. At 1st an affray broke out among 150 to 200 African Americans drinking at a (??) shop at St. Inigoes (it was Easter Sunday). The few whites there tried to break it up were turned upon by the African Americans and attacked with sticks and stones. 10 or 20 black people pursued a constable following him to his house after dark, burst in, sacked it, doors and windows were broken in another house, where a gun was fired at them, as well. Rumor had it that a rebellion was contemplated. Several were arrested the next day and thereafter other shops had similar but less serious difficulties. NYEP, April 21, 1817
1817 New York NYC April: At Tammary Hall about 200 Irishmen rioted at the Wigman, destroyed most of the furniture in the Long Room and sent several Tamarites to the hospital before the arrival of the mayor and the police ended the (??). The riot was triggered by the General Committee's refusal to nominate Thomas Emmett for the assembly. This forced Tammary to re-asses its position on the canal, the one issue which bound the Irish to Clinton and helped account for their shifting ground and appeal to the Irish voter thereafter. Mushkat.Tammary…, p.58-60
1817 New York NYC May: On the Saturday evening before May 17 a number of boys and young men came to Hanah Patterson's house in the 5th ward, bursting open her gate and beating her. SC PC - cases 7434 7
1817 New York NYC August: D. McKenzie, probably a sailor, was attacked and beaten by a number of men, at least one being a butcher, in Duane street. They asked him if he were a man of warsman. SC PC - cases 7434 8 D. McKenzie
1817 New York NYC October: Theater riot. The audience did not appreciate the performance of the Begger's Opera. When their favorite actor, Incloden, refused to sign his popular "Black Eyed Susan" the crowd went wild. Incloden told the management his voice couldn't the song night; he was too tired and left the theater. An uproar continued throughout the rest of the show and a bralw broke out between peace officers and some of the crowd. NYEP, October 29, 1817
1817 New York NYC November: Broad's church was attacked. Brick bats and stones thrown at it and one person got inside to harass Broad and the congregation. SC PC - cases 7434 10 Amos Broad
1817 New York NYC November: A fight between S. Billiard and James Ackman ended in Billiard's death. Some sort of riot ensued which included an attack on a neighboring store. Two indictments for riot resulted. NYC General Sessions, December 4, 1817 S. Billiardl; James Ackman
1817 New York NYC December: A fight between a number of persons at Green near spring street was opposed by neighbor Harnard who found himself the object of the crowd's abuse. SC PC - cases 7434 16 Harnard
1818 New York NYC January: Broad's church was so frequently the scene of a riot, both within and without that the mayor called for a Grand Jury investigation in December. The result was a common law indictment of Broad for a nuisance. Sharp lawyers got a delay for Broad and the interim he at last abandoned his church, suspending services and promising to sell the building. The case was therefore dropped. N.Y. City-Hall recorder, January, 1818 Amos Broad
1818 New York NYC March: The Healy family with 10 or more others rioted for an hour. For Healy were tried and acquitted. Little info. NYC General Sessions, March 12, 1818 Healy
1818 New York NYC June: At Renegade Prison a severe riot occurred in which "a large majority of the convicts were concerned, and the institution was literally threatened with destruction." Military force had to be used to suppress it. About 100 ringleaders were put in solitary confinement, but when they were released they againthreatened disorder. Lewis. "Newgate of NY…,"NYHSQp.158
1818 New York NYC July: At 2:00am party was about to be raided when the party-goers attacked the approaching watch force. "A riot immediately commenced." SC PC - cases 7435 1
1818 New York NYC July: John Devoe, John Labour and others took some marble off the vessel named Harmser. They claimed it was there but were brought up on charges of riot. SC PC - cases 7435 11 John Devoe; John Labour
1818 Alabama Mobile, Alabama July: The citizens of Mobile had built their jail on land designated for the US public hospital. Lt. Beall requested the removal of the jail, offering the fort for temporary security of the prisoners, but was refused. On the 14th he took a squadron of the soldiers, unarmed and dressed down and began the job. However, harrassment from the citizens forced him to abandon the project. Later the Mobile citizens removed the jail but the mob persisted in persecuting Beall. NYEP, August 29, 1818 Beall